Kong is the family surname of Confucius and his descendants. The family genealogy has been maintained for some 2,000 years. Publications World Heritage Review Series Resource Manuals World Heritage wall map More publications ... Funding World Heritage Fund International Assistance. Because of the wide range of texts and traditions identified with him,choices about which version of Confucius is authoritative have changedover time, reflecting particular political and social priorities. La petite maison de la famille Kong est devenue une demeure aristocratique gigantesque dont subsistent 152 bâtiments. وتضمّ المقبرة مقابر كونفوشيوس وأكثر من 100000 من ذريّته. ), een imposante verschijning geweest zijn. Image of architecture, garden, china - 181272934 In this respect, he is seen by Chinese people as the Greatest Master. The Qufu complex of monuments has retained its outstanding artistic and historic character due to the devotion of successive Chinese emperors over more than 2,000 years. His mother was said to have been a concubine who left to avoid the mistreatment from the wife. Destruido y reconstruido a lo largo de los siglos, el templo erigido en su memoria el año 478 a.C. cuenta hoy con mí¡s cien edificios. ولقد حافظ مجموع نصب كوفو على نوعيّته الفنيّة والتاريخيّة الاستثنائيّة بفضل تفاني أباطرة الصين لأكثر من ألفي عام. Great Asia Systematic periodic and daily monitoring has been carried out, while the complete heritage monitoring system and documentation database of the property are being developed. Life of Confucius. –8 C. E.), the theories became the basis of the state ideology, the body of ideas reflecting the social needs of a culture. was een Chinese filosoof en politicus tijdens de Zhou-dynastie (dus nog voor de vorming van het Chinese keizerrijk).Hij wordt gezien als "Wanshishibiao", een voorbeeld voor alle leraren. It contains Confucius’ tomb and more than 100,000 graves of his descendants. He is the original Donkey Kong (aka Don… A multi-source and stable fund guarantee system has been established, with specific funds allocated for heritage conservation each year. Cranky's great-grandaunt, she was the one that wrote his spellbook. J.-C., détruit et reconstruit au cours des siècles, compte aujourd'hui plus de cent bâtiments. Criterion (vi): The contribution of Confucius to philosophical and political doctrine in the countries of the East for two thousand years, and also in Europe and the west in the 18th and 19th centuries, has been one of the most profound factors in the evolution of modem thought and government. J.-C.), sont situés à Qufu, ville de la province de Shandong. The maintenance and protection of the property, which was never disrupted in Chinese history due to the property’s great significance, reflect traditional Chinese conservation intervention methods. The Temple of Confucius, the Cemetery of Confucius, and the Kong Family Mansion are not only outstanding representatives of oriental architectural skills, but they also have a deep historical content and are an important part of the cultural heritage of mankind. Your Confucius Kong Family Qufu stock images are ready. The Cemetery, as a graveyard for Confucius and his descendants, provides integral and most important material evidence for the development of the Kong Clan. Het kleine huis van de familie Kong werd uitgebreid tot een enorme aristocratische residentie waarvan nog 152 gebouwen overeind zijn gebleven. Genealogy of Confucius - Family tree of Confucius in the main line of descent Confucius, official name Kong Qiu 孔丘, courtesy name Zhongni 仲尼, but widely known as Kong Zi 孔子 or Kong Fuzi 孔夫子 (literally Master Kong), was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history. Zijn tempel, begraafplaats en familieverblijf bevinden zich in de stad Qufu in de provincie Shandong. Ze noemden hem de reus. до н.э., находятся в городе Цюйфу, провинция Шаньдун. Like all the great sages of antiquity, Confucius is now known by his family name Kong plus the title “Zi,” or “Fu Zi,” a term of veneration and … In Imperial China,Confucius was identified with interpretations of the classics andmoral guidelines for administrators, and therefore also with trainingthe scholar-officials that populated the bur… It is thought that Confucius was born on September 28, 551 BC, in Zou (鄒, in modern Shandong province). The Con in ‘Confucius’ represents this surname. In the Ming period many outstanding artists and craftsmen applied their skills in the adornment of the temple, and in the Qing period imperial craftsmen were assigned to build the Dacheng Hall and Gate and the Qin Hall, considered to represent the pinnacle of Qing art and architecture. Confucius was an influential Chinese philosopher, teacher and political figure known for his popular aphorisms and for his models of social interaction. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Scholars do not agree on the dating of his birth or the details of his early life however. Lying outside the north gate of the temple enclosure…. In 2009, the Confucius Genealogy Compilation Committee released the fifth edition of the Kong family tree. Место захоронения включает гробницу Конфуция и могилы более чем 100 тыс. This social phenomenon and situation also contributes to the authenticity of the property. Source: Dictionary of American Family … His ancestry traced back through the dukes of Song to the Shang dynastywhich had preceded the Zhou. Traditional Chinese music. Lying to the east of the Temple, the Kong Family Mansion developed from a small family house linked to the temple into an aristocratic mansion in which the male direct descendants of Confucius lived and worked.Following a fire and rebuilding of the temple with an enclosure wall on the model of an imperial palace in the 14th century, the mansion was rebuilt a short distance from the temple. His students continued to explain his theories until, in the first Han dynasty (206 B.C.E. Le temple, le cimetière et la demeure de famille du grand philosophe, politicien et éducateur Confucius (VIe -Ve siècle av. Confucius himself and some of his disciples are buried there, as well as many thousands of his descendants. It isn't exactly clear when Confucius was born, but it was sometime around the end of the Spring and Autumn Period. Confucius, a renowned philosopher, politician and educator in ancient China whose system of belief involving philosophy, politics and ethics (subsequently known as Confucianism) has exerted profound influence on Chinese culture, was revered as the Sacred Model Teacher for Ten Thousand Generations by Chinese emperors. Confucius is de beroemde Chinese filosoof, politicus en geleerde van de 6e/5e eeuw voor Christus. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Further measures will be taken to ensure the authenticity and integrity of the heritage and its setting, and to strive for rational use and sustainable development of the property. The official institution responsible for the protection and management of the property is Qufu Cultural Heritage Management Committee. лет он почитался всеми императорами Китая. Web Browser not supported for ESRI ArcGIS API version 4.10. Furthermore, the more than 60,000 files and archives of the Ming and Qing dynasties collected in the Mansion not only provide a credible record of all kinds of activities in the Mansion for more than 400 years, but are highly valuable for studying the history of the Ming and Qing period. De begraafplaats bevat het graf van Confucius en van meer dan 100.000 van zijn afstammelingen. La casa primitiva de la familia Kong se convirtió con el correr del tiempo en una mansión aristocrí¡tica de enormes proporciones, de la que subsisten 152 edificaciones. Chinese : variant of Jiang 1. Confucius has become a larger than life figure and it is difficult to separate the reality from the myth. The small house of the Kong family developed into a gigantic aristocratic residence, of which 152 buildings remain. Confucius’ hometown in Qufu is now a famous tourist destination for those who wish to better understand his life and thought. شيُد المعبد تيّمناً به عام 478 ق.م ودُمّر وأُعيد بناؤه على مرّ القرون وهو يعدّ اليوم أكثر من مئة مبنى. In the Analects (論語), Confucius presents himself as a "transmitter who invented nothing". The updated genealogy, which spans 80 volumes and weighs more than half a … They were honored with the rank of a marquis thirty-five times since Gaozu of the Han Dynasty, and they were promoted to the rank of duke forty-two times from the Tang Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty. © UNESCO World Heritage Centre 1992-2021 Clear when Confucius was an influential Chinese philosopher, born 551 BC, in the first Han dynasty ( B.C.E! 551-479 v. Chr of Qufu City, the Kong family about Temple and Cemetery of and... His father Kong he ( or Shuliang he ) was an elderly commandant of the Kongs Confucius! 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