[18] It is an indirect tax on the supply of final goods and services. "[14], In the late 1700s, Tipu Sultan maintained a fort and trading route between the Kingdom of Mysore and Travancore, along the Moyar River here. One can interact with working elephants and see how they are fed at the Elephant Feeding Camp in Theppakadu. In 2011, the Madras HC upheld the validity of the Tamil Nadu government’s notification (of 2010) declaring an ‘Elephant Corridor’ in the Sigur Plateau of Nilgiris District. Average daytime temperatures vary from 32 °C (89.6 °F) in summer to 20 °C (68.0 °F) in Winter. Answer: It is a part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and situated in Tamil Nadu. Attempt Daily Current Affairs and GK Quiz of 18 and 19 October 2020 to boost your preparation of the general awareness section of the competitive exams. [36] Other important tourist villages are Chadpatti, Mavanhalla, Valaithottum and Singara. The region is home to four vulture species, including the red-headed vulture. Subject: Environment. [8], The Sigur Plateau has played a significant role in the mixing of elephant populations in the Western and Eastern Ghats. [20], Elevation in the plateau ranges from 280 metres (919 ft) at the Bhavani Sagar Reservoir and increases in the west to 1,880 metres (6,168 ft) at Konabetta Peak (Sigur Peak). Required fields are marked *. India’s Peninsular Plateaus are one of its major physical features. [30] An estimated 1,801 tons of firewood are collected from the Sigur Plateau annually. The Moyar River Gorge, also called the Moyar Canyon, is a dramatic 20 km (12 mi) long gorge which plunges into the gorge below Theppakadu in a roaring water-fall popularly known as Moyar falls. 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In 2011, the Madras HC had upheld the validity of the Tamil Nadu government’s notification (of 2010) declaring an ‘Elephant Corridor’ in the Sigur Plateau of Nilgiris District. A) None of the above statements are true. Tibetan Plateau (China) – It is the highest and biggest plateau on earth. Watch to learn: How UPSC frames questions for prelims. Jan 01, 2021 - Previous Year Questions (PYQs): Geography Prelims Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. In 2008, close to 73,000 people stayed at the tourist resorts on the Sigur Plateau with around 58% of these tourists coming just to see the wildlife. ... Sigur Plateau, Mudumalai National Park and Bandipur National Park. It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. It is believed that 12-14 Asian king vultures live in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR), which borders Sigur plateau and … It connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats. The elephants are now engaged mainly for Eco-tourism, patrolling for anti poaching operations, to control Man-Elephant conflict outside the sanctuary and as a conservation and training center for elephants which can be visited by public. Plateaus found in North Africa, Turkey, Iran, Tibet. The Politics of Conservation as Translated in Mudumalai", "Western Ghats sub cluster, Niligiris. [8], On 26 August 2010, Jairam Ramesh the Indian Minister of State for Environment and Forests asked Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu M Karunanidhi for the Tamil Nadu government to favourably consider a proposal from his ministry to declare the Sigur Plateau in the Nilgiris as a buffer zone of the Mudumalai National Park. [34][35], There are at least 66 tourist resorts catering to wildlife tourism, especially in the areas of Masinagudi and Bokkapuram. Smaller carnivores such as palm civet, small Indian civet, jungle cat, jackal and several species of mongoose also use this valley intensively for feeding, resting and denning. [33], Good wildlife sighting opportunities are the Elephant Safari and Van Safari, conducted by the Tamil Nadu Forest Department departing from park headquarters at Theppakadu. It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. It is not a test of your knowledge. [12], In May 1859, a small monthly sanction was granted by the Government for the conservation and working of Sigur Forest. Chotanagpur Plateau (India) – It has huge reserves of iron, coal, and manganese. [23], In 2010, Jairam Ramesh, Minister for Environment and Forests, stated to the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu that "adding the Segur Plateau as a buffer to Mudumalai would strengthen the population status of tiger, its co-predators and prey in the landscape". As a result, these magma ends up lifting large, impenetrable rock above it. (Including the Mudumalai, Mukurthi, Wayanad and Bandipur national parks)", "Conservation Strategies for Vultures in Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve", "Expand Mudumalai buffer zone, Jairam tells TN", "Tipu Sultan's Sathyamangalam connection", "Freedom from terror in 'Veerappan corridors, "MUDUMALAI WILDLIFE SANCTUARY & NATIONAL PARK", "Status Assessment of Tourism on the Sigur Plateau, Tamil Nadu, Impacts and Recommendations", Report – Study on Water Resources in the Sigur Plateau, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sigur_Plateau&oldid=992249306, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 07:52. Katanga Plateau (Congo) – Famous for copper mines, East African Plateau – Famous for Gold and Diamond mining, Broad and shallow valleys and rounded hills, Central Highlands of India and Deccan Plateau are the two main divisions of the Indian Peninsular Plateau. The types of plateaus are mentioned below: Plateaus can be found in the following areas. For the preparation of the IAS Exam, this article will brief you about: The physical features of India are important to be read about for the preparation of civil services examination. [29] These are cattle grazing, coffee and tea plantations and other crops cultivation, private tourist resorts, Invasive weeds, fuel wood collection, non-timber forest products (NTFP) collection, legal status of the corridor, and vehicular traffic particularly during night hours. [16] the facilities charge less than Rs 500 per night. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. Read to know the simple definition of a plateau. It is located in the Astore and Skardu districts of Gilgit-Baltistan. ... UPSC Current Affairs PDF 20.10.2020 (English) UPSC Current Affairs PDF 20.10.2020 (Hindi) Here are the links: [26] There are several tribal villages in the Sigur plateau. This sanctuary declaration is expected to bolster wildlife conservation efforts, as the sanctuary managers will get financial support from the central government under Project Tiger. [citation needed], The Sigur region is known for its moderate and pleasant climate. [24][25] The second-highest plateau is the Deosai Plateau of the Deosai National Park (also known as Deoasai Plains) at an average elevation of (13,497 ft). Much to the relief of local residents, officials and tourists, Veerapan was killed by Tamilnadu Government in October 2004. It stretches through the countries of Tibet, China, and India and occupies an area of 2.5 million square kilometers (1.5 million square miles), which is four times the size of the U.S. state of Texas. Learn the different types of plateaus and what causes plateaus. The southern western ghats with an area of 7000 sq. ←Burning Issue] Recent IPCC reports → Detailed Analysis of UPSC Mains GS 2 Paper (70 Percent Questions Came from CD Test Series) [citation needed], The five major streams in the Sigur plateau are the Moyar River, the Sigur River, the Avarahalla River, the Kedarhalla River and the Gundattihalla River, which originate in the Nilgiris plateau. Get names of world-famous plateaus, for the IAS Exam. Latest top 50 UPSC month current affairs are published in question and answer format which are reviews from Hindu, you can also download PDF file. 26 questions in UPSC CSE Prelims 2017 repeated from Previous Year question papers compilation (1979-2016), xaam.in, 26 questions in UPSC CSE Prelims 2017 repeated from Previous Year question papers compilation (1979-2016) UPSC Mains General Studies Paper 1 Syllabus, Strategy & Structure, Previous Years Geography Questions in UPSC Mains General Studies Paper- 1, Topic-Wise General Studies Paper-1 Questions in UPSC Mains. South of the Sigur Plateau is the higher Nilgiris Plateau. The following quiz will have 5-10 MCQs. There is a considerable gene flow between the nearly 2,000 elephants in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and the 1,800 in the Eastern Ghats, especially Sathyamangalam. It covers the 778.8 square kilometres (300.7 sq mi) portion of the Moyar River drainage basin on the northern slopes of the Nilgiri Hills, south of the Moyar River. What current affairs are important from the perspective of the exam. Plateaus are often by themselves with no surrounding plateau. [7], A proposal has been initiated to notify Sigur and adjoining forest areas as a wildlife sanctuary for Vultures. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 15 times. Download plateaus notes PDF for UPSC Exam preparation. [21], The Sigur Ghat Road (SH 67) crosses the Sigur Plateau for 33 kilometres (20.5 mi) from Ooty to Theppakadu. [19], Across the Moyar River, the Sigur Plateau is adjacent on the north to the Mysore Plateau, referred to as the Talamalai Range, bordered on the west by Nilgiri District, north by Mysore District, east by the Sattyamangalam Range and south by the Moyar River and Gorge. Aspirants can check the other geography-related articles that can complement your preparation: Plateau is an area of raised land that is flat on top. Due to the Sigur wildlife corridor, the entire area has the highest elephant population in India. [28], There are several major threats to the Sigur area caused mostly by expanding human population. 69% of private facilities have a boundary connection to government revenue land or reserve forest and 91% are fenced, usually with electrified fence. [16][27], The forests of Sigur, Singara and Nilgiris East ranges were also the territory of the notororius Indian bandit Koose Muniswamy Veerapan, who made a living poaching ivory and sandalwood from the forests and selling them on the black market. The Nilgiris North Forest Division includes the Sigur Range 257.3 km2 (99.3 sq mi), Coonoor Range176.7 km2 (68.2 sq mi) and the Udhagai North Range 14.3 km2 (5.5 sq mi),[1] which are in turn divided into the Kambatti reserve forest, the Sigur reserve forest, the Kalhatti Slopes reserve forest, the Singara reserve forest, Bokkapuram reserve forest, Moyar reserve forest and Northern Hay reserve forest. It covers the 778.8 square kilometres (300.7 sq mi) portion of the Moyar River drainage basin on the northern slopes of the Nilgiri Hills, south of the Moyar River. HINDU NOTES-AUGUST 4 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs] ... it could prove catastrophic to the wildlife in the Sigur plateau and in the Nilgiris,as the road would pass through the Bandipur Tiger Reserve, conservationists have warned. Your email address will not be published. It is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau. Issu It is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau. It is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau. 13 Jan 2021. Q.5) Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Raibenshe’ It is a genre of Indian folk martial dance performed by male only; It is primarily performed in Arunachal Pradesh [6], The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, which includes Sigur Plateau and the Nilgiri Hills, is part of the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves. The Damodar River originates here and flows through a rift valley. 3 Mountain ranges border it. Goods and Services Tax: GST was introduced through the 101st Constitution Amendment Act, 2016. Some of the higher elevations of the plateau have montane grassland habitats. Tourist facilities in these six villages cover 791 acres (3.2 km2). [20], Of the nine species of Vultures which exist in India, the critically endangered white-rumped vulture, long-billed vulture and king vulture (or) red-headed vulture and the endangered Egyptian vulture have been documented in the forests of Nilgiris Eastern Ghats landscape, which comprises the Sigur and Moyar Valleys. EVICTION OF RESORTS IN ELEPHANT CORRIDOR | UPSC LAW OPTIONAL MAINS CURRENT AFFAIRS | ENVIRONMENTAL LAW The Elephant corridor situated in Sigur Plateau, connecting Western and Eastern Ghats is famous for large population of Elephants in Tamil Nadu. It has the Nilgiri hills on its south-western side and the Moyar river valley on its north-eastern side. Answer Key & Detailed Solutions – UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam -2017 General Studies – 1 SET – Unknown NOTE: Please share your scores in the comment box. ; It is an important wildlife corridor (for elephants and tigers) maintaining connectivity between the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats. It has … Answer Key & Detailed Solutions - UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam -2017 General Studies Paper - 1 Answer Key & Detailed Solutions - UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam -2017 General Studies Paper - 1. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. Beyond News. It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. It connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats. This test is Rated positive by 94% students preparing for UPSC.This MCQ test is related to UPSC syllabus, prepared by UPSC teachers. This area supports over 6,300 elephants,[5] that represents the largest single population of elephants and tigers in India. Usually, plateaus are formed when magma which is located deep inside the earth, pushes towards the surface but fails to break through the crust. The north side of the plateau is defined by the Moyar River and the 260 metres (853 ft) deep Moyar Gorge. The area extends from south of Brahmagiri hills through Wayanad Plateau and the Mysore Plateau which gets connected to Sigur Plateau and Moyar River Valley. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. A proposal has been initiated to notify Sigur and adjoining forest areas as a wildlife sanctuary for vultures. ... UPSC REPEATS Questions in IAS Prelims from Previous Year Papers 18 repeated in 2018 IAS Prelims 26+ repeated in 2017 IAS Prelims 16+ repeated in 2016 IAS Prelims The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. ... (UPSC CSE 2019) | Mock Interview – Watch On YouTube. The Supreme Court upheld a Madras High Court order ratifying a state government decision to earmark the Sigur plateau in the Nilgiris as an elephant corridor in 2010 and raze all resorts in nearby Mudumalai to facilitate their movement through the corridor. NW Bandipur National Park & Nagarhole National Park, N-Mysore District, Sigur Plateau (Segur Plateau) is a plateau in the north and east of Nilgiri District in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu, South India. This quiz is very helpful for your preparation and selection into the government exams. Deccan Plateau (India) – It extends over 8 Indian states, covering entire South India. [15], Sigur Plateau comprises about 448.3 km2 (173.1 sq mi) reserve forests of the Nilgiris North Forest Division, the 321 km2 (123.9 sq mi) Mudumalai National Park and about 16.2 km2 (6.3 sq mi) of private lands. The Moyar valley and the nearby Sigur plateau in the Nilgiris, are among the few remaining places in India where vultures can be found. These plateaus are formed over millions of years. [19], Due to rainfall differences, there are tropical dry deciduous forest, part of the South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests ecoregion in the west part of Sigur, while the eastern part has more thorn scrub forests. Sigur Plateau (Segur Plateau) is a plateau in the north and east of Nilgiri District in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu, South India. The high court had upheld the validity of the Tamil Nadu Government Notification of 2010 which had notified an 'Elephant Corridor' in the Sigur Plateau of Nilgiris District and has further directed resort owners and other private land owners to vacate and hand over the vacant possession of the lands falling within the notified elephant corridor to the District Collector, Nilgiris. There are 11 government tourist facilities within Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary or within reserve forest or revenue land and none of them are fenced. The public roads: Kakkanalli – Torapalli road, Teppakkadu – Masanagudi road and Moyar – Masanagudi road are also rewarding places to see wild life in the Sanctuary. National Geographic describes plateaus as flat and elevated landform that rises sharply above the surrounding area on at least one side. What is a plateau? It has its formation associated with the breaking of Gondwana land. Malwa Plateau, plateau region in north-central India. However, by this time the Conservator of Forests of Madras Presidency, Dr. Hugh Cleghorn stated that "This forest has been much exhausted by a succession of unscrupulous contractors, and there is very little teak or Bombay Blackwood (Rosewood) at present fit for felling. The Tamil Nadu state government will initiate efforts to declare The Sigur Plateau as a buffer zone to Mudumalai National Park due to its importance as a wildlife corridor between the Western ghats and the Eastern Ghats. Kallatty falls, located30 kilometres (18.6 mi) from Theppakadu, is a waterfall with a scenic view. Deccan Trap is a part of the peninsular plateau. As agriculture expanded and tiger habitat shrank, Tamil Nadu stopped all tiger hunting in the Sigur reserve in 1965. The captive elephants in the sanctuary are no longer used for timber extraction work. [17], Sigur Plateau is located adjoining the Bandipur National Park to the northwest, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary to the west, and Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary and Nilgiris East ranges to the east. With only a small a sum to commence with, it was some time before any wood could be collected. [19], The Sigur river valley acts as a crucial micro-habitat for herbivores, especially elephants, gaur and sambar and carnivores such as tiger, leopard, wild dog (dhole), sloth bear and striped hyaena for feeding, resting and denning. [37], R.Venkitachalam (2014)Status and Distribution of the Endangered resident Gyps Vulture species in Nilgiri Bio-sphere Reserve, Western Ghats in India.WWF-Final Report.pp 21, Dr. V. S. Vijayan p.32, Annexe Table 1: Statewise breakup of the various forest administrative units forming part of the NBR, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. Scenic spots are the Chief Minister’s Watchtower, the view point at Kargudi, the Ombetta Lake and the Safari Van rides on Sand Road, Circular Road, Manradiar Road, Jayadev Avenue and Bombax Road. The Peninsular plateau is a tableland composed of the old crystalline, igneous and metamorphic rocks. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. [7] The Western Ghats, the Nilgiri Sub-Cluster (more than 6,000 square kilometres (2,316.6 sq mi)), including all of Mudumalai National Park and the reserve forests of the Sigur Plateau, is under consideration by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee for selection as a World Heritage Site. The Deccan Plateau has western ghats and eastern ghats of India. It connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats. It is important that the forest should be allowed to recover, as it is the main source of supply to Utakamund for house-building purposes. It is bounded by the Madhya Bharat Plateau and Bundelkhand Upland to the north, the Vindhya Range to the east and south, and the Gujarat Plains to the west. Formation of the plateau is defined sigur plateau upsc the Moyar river valley on its southwestern side and the 260 (... Its southwestern side and the Moyar river valley on its southwestern side and the Moyar river on... 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