In England the style appeared in hotels, railway stations, and warehouses, and it lingered on to underlie R. Norman Shaw’s design for the Piccadilly Hotel, London (1905–08). But, despite its regal name, a Second Empire isn't always elaborate or lofty. Corrections? An enormous sloping roof crowned the original Louvre Palace in Paris, constructed in 1546. The dramatic roof is the most important feature of Second Empire architecture, and has a long and interesting history. This is an architectural style that originally flourished during the period of the "Second Empire" in France (1852-1870), when Napoleon's nephew, Napoleon III, ruled. Second Empire is an architectural style, most popular in the latter half of the 19th century and early years of the 20th century. … Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Houses for Sale. During the presidency of Ulysses Grant (1869-1877), Second Empire was a preferred style for public buildings in the United States. Second Empire Style . Modern-day apartment building with a mansard roof. The Second Empire style house is an imposing two or three-story symmetrical square block with a projecting central pavilion often extending above the rest of the house.. This helped in maximizing square footage and space without making the building appear massive and overbearing. Second Empire architecture is a Victorian architectural style that is easy to identify because of its unique roof. Second Empire is an architectural style, most popular between 1865 and 1880, and so named for the "French" elements in vogue during the era of the Second French Empire. Constructed between 1871 and 1888, the Old Executive Office Building (later named the Dwight D. Eisenhower Building) expressed the exuberance of the era. During the Renaissance in Italy and France, many buildings had steep, double-sloped roofs. During the Renaissance in Italy and France, many buildings had steep, double-sloped roofs. Second Empire is an architectural style, reaching its zenith between 1865 and 1880, and so named for the "French" elements in vogue during the era of the Second French Empire. Second Empire style, also called Napoleon III, Second Empire Baroque, architectural style that was dominant internationally during the second half of the 19th century. The main difference in the two styles is the roof shape- Second Empire … Henry Hobson Richardson, one of America's most influential architects, championed this style across the country. Second Empire Architecture. An important variation of the Second Empire style was the Napoleon III style, which characterizes buildings constructed during the massive rebuilding of Paris administered by Baron Georges-Eugène Haussmann between 1853 and 1870. Given prestige by this important setting, the classical style rapidly became an “official” one for many of the new public buildings demanded by the expanding cities and their national governments. As domestic architecture, the Second Empire style was meant to portray a sense high culture; as public architecture, a sense of permanence and order. It was one of Doyle's last major works in the city. This feature came to define a style which raged through Europe and parts of the United States into the 1870's. Second Empire Architecture + Join Group This group is all about the Second Empire Architectural Style. Both styles tend to be square in shape, and both can have U-shaped window crowns, decorative brackets, and single story porches. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Second Empire Stacy House was one of Seattle's grandest residence during the last quarter of the nineteenth century, and was designed by the architect Arthur E. Doyle. by Scott Sidler Popular from about 1860-1880 in America Second Empire architecture with it’s distinctive mansard roof has its roots in France during the reign of Napoleon III (1852-1870), France’s Second Empire from which the style aptly takes it’s name. Houses in a variety of styles were given the characteristic Second Empire feature. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free stock images that features Architecture photos available for quick and easy download. After it was completed in 1901, the soaring tower made Philadelphia's City Hall the world's tallest building. COPYRIGHT:The articles you see on the pages of ThoughtCo.com are copyrighted. The Emperor charged Baron Haussmann to transform Paris into "the world's city of high fashion." Second Empire Style Philadelphia City Hall with an elaborately decorated mansard roof. Although great variations exist, general characteristics can be identified: the building is large and, when possible, stands free; it has a square or nearly square plan with rooms disposed axially; externally, there is a profusion of classicistic detail; usually a high, often concave or convex mansard roof (having two slopes on all sides with the lower slope steeper than the upper one) breaks the profile; pavilions extend forward at the ends and in the centre and usually carry higher mansards; there is generally an overlay of a file of columns standing above a bow-shaped basement or piled one on another in several stories. The term Second Empire refers to the empire that Louis Napoleon (Napoleon III) established in France during the mid-1800s. Take a visual tour: The distinguishing feature is the mansard roof covered with multi-colored slates or tinplates.. On top of that, much of the city had been damaged … The Second Empire style of architecture began in France during the reign of Napoleon III (1852-1870). However the tall mansard roof that we associate with the style dates back to Renaissance times. Today, the practical mansard roof is used on modern buildings like the one shown here. Victorian Second Empire home in Massachusetts. When the Second Empire style was applied to residential architecture, builders created interesting innovations. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Developing from a tendency of architects of the second quarter of the 19th century to use architectural schemes drawn from the periods of the Italian Renaissance, Louis XIV, and Napoleon I to give dignity to public buildings, the style was … In a significant variation it is sometimes called the Napoleon III style. With tall mansard roofs and wrought iron cresting, Victorian Second Empire homes create a sense of height. The name refers to the style of architecture that evolved during the rule of Napoleon III … But, Italianate houses have much wider eaves, and they do not have the distinctive mansard roof characteristic of the Second Empire style. Courthouse, Portland, OR, is an example of Gothic Revival style architecture. A century later, the French architect François Mansart (1598-1666) used double-sloped roofs so extensively that they were coined mansard, a derivation of Mansart's name. From it's commanding setting on Belmont Ave. this property offers an exceptional opportunity! Builders began to construct elaborate public buildings that resembled French designs. Major examples of the style include the Opéra Ga… Installing a mansard roof became a practical way to provide additional living space in the attic level. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 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