= "Ferdowsi's classic poem Shahnameh is part myth, part history-beginning with the legend of the birth of the Persian nation and its tumultuous history, it contains magical birds and superhuman heroes and centuries-long battles. Around AD 325 Albanians adopted Christianity, building many churches, the ruins of some of which still remain today. The first English translation of his masterpiece, the "Gulistan," or "Rose Garden," appeared in 1775; another version, by Francis Gladwin, was published in 1806 and … This manuscript was copied in 1649 (1059 A.H.). To this day it is quoted by schoolchildren and scholars alike. Derbent, Excerpts from The Gulistan (The Rose Garden) of Sa’di GOHD Books November 16, 2014 Blog Posts One of the most important of the medieval Persian poets, SA’DI (1194-1292) is still read widely today, with an influence that extends to Western writers such as La Fontaine, Diderot, Voltaire, Hugo, Balzac, Goethe, and Emerson. Shaki Khanate, Saadi mentions honey-gatherers in Azarbaijan, fearful of Mongol plunder.He finally returns to Persia where he meets his childhood companions in Isfahan and other cities. A short summary of this paper. A partial provisional translation of the Persian Bayan. Mohammad had, during his reign, killed off all of his enemies in the regions of present-day Georgia and Azerbaijan and claimed the areas to rightfully belong to Persia. 7. Iran is also given complete and free access to Russia, yet both must pay a 5% ad valorem tax on any items imported into each respective country, thus being seen as a light import/export duty tax. 14. part of the Talysh Khanate; 3. These lands include: 1. 1. Guria; GOLESTĀN-E SAʿDI, probably the single most influential work of prose in the Persian tradition, completed in 656/1258 by Mošarref-al-Din Moṣleḥ, known as Shaikh Saʿdi of Shiraz (for the confusion about his name, see Ṣafā, III/1, pp. Tusi means 'from Tus'. Although Persia entered the war mainly for the goal of recapturing the majority of the Caucasus, Azerbaijan, and Georgia, Fath Ali Shah had heard about the atrocities being committed by Russian Commanders in Georgia, the commanders ruling “through massive extortion and maladministration”. 13. The war was becoming costly in terms of troops and finance, so the Treaty of Gulistan led to over a decade of nominal peace (1813-1826) between Russia and Persia, mainly for the clause regarding trade: both governments saw much potential with it and used it to their advantage. 10. The Gulistan is a collection of stories and poems, just as a rose-garden is a collection of roses. It was signed by Nikolai Fyodorovich Rtischev from the Russian side and Mirza Abolhassan Khan Ilchi from the Iranian side. The Battle of Aslanduz on 31 October 1812 was the turning point in the war, which led to the complete destruction of the Persian army, thus leaving Fath Ali Shah with no other option but to sign the Treaty of Gulistan. Performing poorly in the war, Persia lost, leading to the signing of the Treaty of Turkmenchay. "Russia by this instrument was confirmed in possession of all the khanates -- Karabagh, Gandja, Shekeen, Shirvan, Derbend, Kouba, and Baku, together with part of Talish and the fortress of Lenkoran. Sadi's Gulistan, or The Rose Garden, is both one of the best-known of the Sufi classics and a major work of Persian literature. Paperback. His “Gulistan,” or “Rose Garden,” is the mature work of his life-time, and he lived to the age of one hundred and eight. Numerically, Persian forces had a considerable advantage during the war: a ratio of 5 to 1 over their Russian adversaries. 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