remained pagan, and the Christian nomenclature functioned as an additional element, used for the Catholic Lithuanians in the position of the first name, of which in due time numerous Christian patronyms had developed and were used in the position of the surname. destruction in the Lithuanian nation which resulted in its ultimate occupation (1795) by the Russians. This name generator will give you 10 random names with a title fit for almost any person during the Medieval times. The seven sons later, politically and diplomatically, took pagan names (see them listed farther on in the text), though they were re-christened in Cracow in 1386, in the Roman Catholic manner. Thus, so far no convincing argument has been discovered regarding the practice of the Lithuanian giving of a name, in the pre-Christian period. anthroponyms. There have been reports that the editing of a complete Lithuanian Proper Name Dictionary is in preparation, and the first volume of it is expected, after a long delay. The Indo-European nations of antiquity had only a single personal name... Indo-European nations had numerous personal names and a great variety of them. The logic of the problem leads into the argument that the original and proper name of a person in such a case has been changed and replaced by a nickname which remained with a person all his life and consequently it has been taken down into the historical records as the regular name of the person. 8. There is a wealth of such material in the medieval records, much of it unexplored. Darybos atþvilgiu pravardë... sutinka su daiktavardþiu vardas, veiksmaþodþiu vardyti, vardà #1 - NOAH m : Derived from the Hebrew name נוֹחַ (Noach) meaning "rest, comfort". The ancient period of the unum nomen system in an apparent situation of a need of an additional name that pravardë 'nickname' was an additional name used to point out the identity or characteristic of a person. Morphemically those derivatives are conceivable, however, practically they would be rare. Excluded here are the Christian names: Jonas, Antanas, Petras etc. Consequently, the Prussian nation perished and their language died. Medieval English Baby Names - MomJunctions' exhaustive collection of modern, unique and cute Medieval English baby names with their meanings and religion. Literatûros barai, vol. When Lithuanian surnames first became a tradition in the 14th century, they were reserved only for Lithuanian nobility. 13. name; 22 second, some peculiar characteristic of a person had provoked the nickname; third, an unpopular name and a name inconvenient to use caused the inventing of another suppository and an additional name, the nickname; fourth, in the event that there was another person close-by who had an identical name; fifth, an incidental ludicrous name, a nickname, became the permanent attribute of a person. 91-7402-136-2, h. 8: isbn: 91-7402-115-x; bd. She died in 1418, and King Vytautas married her cousin, Julijana, the same year. 5. Taking, however, the fact that the Lithuanian pagan nomenclature contains anthroponyms with a pejorative meaning, such instances naturally and obviously prove that those anthroponyms came from the 3. -is). The following anthroponymic material is selected mostly from the Etymological Dictionary compiled by K. Kuzavinis 1 testo geidžiamosios nuosakos 3 asmuo Sut, BzBkXXI302 žr. It could be argued here that the term pravardë 'nickname' has been used in the pre-Christian period, as by the psychology of colloquialiasm in an event of characterization a person was given a nickname. 1- (Uppsala: 1967-. bd. (15) LE IX, 421. Zinkevièius, Z., Lietuviø dialektologija, Vilnius, 1966. The ancient people believed that a name given to an infant could determine his fate. The linguistic trends of ancient times are thus generatively revived and brought up to date by the free and linguistically sound application of the nomenclatural material. One of the earliest modern records of Kaplan as a family name is that of Abraham Kaplan in 1698. It seems logical that when the time came for the Princes to take part in the The conclusion to that is that Christianity in Lithuania had actually no ancient Lithuanian cultural giving of a name tradition to contest and did not have to conquer one, which reality indeed conditioned the process of the introduction of the new religion. Karijotas of Lithuania was born circa 1314 to Gediminas (c1275-1341) and Jewna of Polotsk (c1280-c1344) and died circa 1361 of unspecified causes. Lebedys, J., "Seniausias lietuviø rankraðtinis tekstas". The case of the christening and holding of the names by the members of the family of Lithuanian King Algirdas becomes a problem, the interpretation of which is given later in the section on King Somewhat better conditions exist in the field of Lithuanian onomastic terminology because, taking the matter in general, Lithuanian linguistic terminology is practically international, which is also true of Lithuanian onomastics. Bûga, K., "Apie lietuviø asmens vardus", Rinktiniai raðtai, vol. linguistically in general could be taken as an exception. 16. 18 This event indicated a possibility that a name which is found in the documents could be a name assumed by the person or given by the attendants and thus entered the document. (14) LE IX, 420. Polish surnames are known from the Middle Ages, but only 200 years ago did the inherited surnames become compulsory. 6. Thus customarily when a prievardis is applied the surname is left out. This innovative work of B. Savukynas and K. Kuzavinis proves that the problem discussed in this article, namely, the giving of a name in pre-Christian (pagan) Lithuania, and the theory of resolving it is upheld, i.e. Having concluded that pagan Lithuanian personal names were composed freely and applied at random, it is appropriate to make some additional comments on the course of the (Vincø is the genetive plural of Vincas). Surnames of North Eastern England. Gimstant naujam þmogui jø kasdien kurtasi naujø. So far no case of that kind is known. 1. The producing of an additional name was an act of the pravardþiavimas 'nicknaming', implying the process of pramanyti, i.e. #5 - JONES: Derived from the given name Jon, a medieval variant of JOHN. Visos before Christianity was introduced 1251-1413. Kiernovensis." The history of Lithuanian anthroponymy attests to several periods of the changing of a name: pagan to Christian: Vytautas to Alexander; native to foreign: Þemkalnis to Landsbergis (German), and then in the trend of modern times, hybrids to native ones: Jakðevièius to Alantas, Babickas to Alanta, Ferentas to Tautvilas, Nagrodskis to Nauragis, Tupèiauskas to "vicarius Lithuaniae eiusdemque nacionis et linguae." 5. Kožnas žmogus testo paduotas vyriausybei Vln40. vieta, amatas, pravardës... Ið atskiriamøjø prievardþiø, vienur anksèiau, kitur vëliau, yra iðriedëjusios moderninës pavardës... Yra apsèiai ir pravardþiø, vëliau iðvirtusiø pavardëmis." 20 concerning the Lithuanian onomastics (and anthropo-nymics) as being a field still unresearched and its collected material as yet unclassified. It is a more or less general understanding and it coincides with that of Prof. P. Jonikas Then again the term pavardë 'surname' is of an origin posterior to the term of pravardë 'nickname'. It is natural and narratively obvious that a However, when implying the anthroponym of nickname and analyzing its meaning and application, A. Salys comes to a contrasting logic in pointing out that the nickname practically is a determinative applied to an adult. #9 - RODRIGUEZ #10 - WILSON: Means The typical Lithuanian anthroponyms of the dithematic structure: Algimantas, Algirdas, Arvydas, Bartautas, Butginas Burvilas, Èiovydas, Dargintas, Dirmantas, Daugau-das, Dausprungas, Eidmantas, Erdvilas, Gailiminas, Gedgaudas, Gediminas, Gintautas, Ginvilas, Irtautas, Jautilas, Jogaila, Jotvingas, Kantigirdas, Kæstautas, Kæstutis, Kæsgailas, Kintvilas, Laisvydas, Liaugaudas, Liubertas, Mangirdas, Maþvydas, Milgaudas, Mindaugas, Mintautas, Narimantas, Nauvydas, Norgilas, Norvilas, Radvilas, Ramvaldas, Ringaudas, Sandingas, Saugardas, Sirvydas, Skirgaila, Ðvitrigaila, Tautmilas, Tolvaldas, Tvirbutas, Vaidevutis, Vydmantas, Vygantas, Vytautas, Þadvydas, Þybartas, Þygaudas, Þymantas. On the other hand, as there is no evidence of any procedure or liturgy of giving a name to a person in pre-Christian times in Lithuania, neither does any evidence exist to establish when, i.e. Ancestors are from Belarus, Lithuania. See also[edit]. The term vardas 'name' could also be used in the meaning of pravardë 'nickname' as a form of ridiculing. A Latinization of Arabic الْخُوَارِزْمِيّ ‎ ( al-ḵuwārizmiyy , “ native of Khowarizm ” ) , surname of the Persian mathematician Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī . 3. 2000 surnames listed. #3 - MASON m : From an English surname meaning "stoneworker", from an Old French word of Germanic origin (akin to Old English macian "to make"). 2. Resolution. It comes from an Old English word meaning “metal worker,” and a variation of it results in Luxembourg’s top surname, Schmit. XV, pp. 1926), British physician *Edward Goodrich Acheson (1856 1931), American chemist and… The Changing of Names of Sons of King Algirdas. There are many names coming from a profession, e.g Kowalski and Kowalczyk come from kowal (=smith), … Kaplan or Caplan is also a surname common among Ashkenazi Jews, usually indicating descent from the priestly lineage (the kohanim), similar to the etymological origin of the common Hebrew surname Cohen. The best studies of surnames trace them back to their origins and give early, dated examples. The fact is that no work of research and no documents containing such material are available to help the analysis of this problem of the Lithuanian pagan name-giving and name-holding, and the attempt of the approach in this article is adopted—the analysis of the material of Lithuanian pagan anthroponymy to find out to what extent it would help to clarify the problem of the giving of the name and the holding of it by the ancient Lithuanians, and also to find out if the typification of the selected anthroponymical material would help to understand the actual process of the giving of the name by the pagan Lithuanian people. 2. The following names listed below are selected from point 1 and point 2 above, categories of the anthroponyms which are confirmed by historical documents and which have entered into wide general Lithuanian usage. could be substituting for the formal ones. If you do, you will almost certainly recognize it, as Polish surnames look unlike any other surnames in the world. Romanian names contain a first name and the last name. Notes on Selected Polish Surnames. Vigunt... 1386 pakrikðtytas Krokuvoje Aleksandro vardu... 1388 m. pasiraðë akta Alexander Dei Gratia alias Vigunt Dux (10) Martinas Maþvydas, CATECHISMUS... 1547. Neither has there been a struggle for the abolishing of the usage of the old pagan names; the Christian name was simply added to the pagan one, making a new dua nomina system, as it has been interpreted above. Akademia Nauk, 1965-1987). A Greek surname that ends in “oglou” means the first person who used it was of Turkish origin and migrated to Greece. ... A confusing fact and very characteristic of pagan Lithuanian name writing in medieval documents is the name of Prince Vygantas, son of King Algirdas. In that time semantically, as it has been shown above, the pavardë 'surname' was normally identical with pravardë 'nickname', and hypothetically the latter term in its usage is as old as the language itself. anthroponyms, inherited in the deep past, normally containing a noble meaning; in them was expressed general (masculine) version often is predominant, allowing the supposition based on the influence of the international lexics, vis. name to a person in which act no established name-giving rules were followed and no religious rituals were involved. 18) Ibid., 138. ); legal formalities It would be appropriate here to point out that at the present time in Lithuania (now under Russian totalitarian occupation) the terminology in linguistics tends to A person with a surname with this prefix once had an ancestor who went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. (rare) A male given name from Ancient Greek, mostly transferred back from the surname. The Prussian anthropo-nyms survived in the personal names of a few escapees and in the anthroponyms transferred to toponyms which have been collected by recent German scholars. Kuzavinis, K. and Savukynas Br., Vardai ir þodþiai. Lithuanian surnames have a base which would be Mikalausk for this name. Most modern (More about it later). 1, h. 4: isbn: 91-7192-223-7; bd. Other can also be used to choose medieval bynames, but it Senovës tautø tikëta, kad vaikui duotas vardas gali veikti jo likimà.. Varde norëta iðkelti naujojo visuomenës nario bûdo ypatybës, branginamos visos We have included in this list surname dictionaries that meet This ancient surname is recorded in some forty spelling forms. Statistically the Christian patronyms were very numerous in the Lithuanian nomenclature, whereas the pagan patronyms were not as frequent as those of Christian derivation. The giving of a name by the Christian Roman Catholic Church, being a religious sacrament, and therefore the strictness of it as such bears on the minds of persons of that faith. Pronunciation (Received Pronunciation) IPA : /ˈpiːtə/ Homophone: Peter; Proper noun . Same Comments on the Distribution of the Anthroponyms. Algirdas-Algirdë, the contemporary Lithuanian onomasticists have offered some innovations, featured in the work of B. Savukynas and K. These range from Epine, Lepine, Delepine, (French) to Espinas and Espinoza (Spanish) and Spinelli (Italian). 2, h. 10: isbn: 91-88096-01-7; Bloms Boktryckeri AB: 9) LE XV, 556. 15. Slavic names Edit Due to the historical settlement of Slavs , Slavic names are most common in Saxony , Brandenburg , and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (especially in Lusatia , where Sorbs continue to reside today). case: Miniau, Mini, Min). Safarewicz, J., "Polskie imiona osobowe pochodzienia Litewskiego", Jæzyk polski, XXX, 1950. The need of the process of inventing a nickname might have been for multiple reasons: first, when a person had no established and no socially accepted It is naturally probable and possible that the mother, Queen Julijana, had all her children christened in the Orthodox manner and in their childhood she called them by their Christian names. Regarding the anthroponymic motivation of the giving of a name a most convincing source would be available in the material of the Lithuanian pravardë 'nickname'. Kaplan or Caplan is also a surname common among Ashkenazi Jews, usually indicating descent from the priestly lineage (the kohanim), similar to the etymological origin of the common Hebrew surname Cohen. Ancestors are from Lithuania, Belarus. An example: "It is possible to mention another bishop of Vilnius, Jokûbas Plichtas, who earlier was a Franciscan vicar at the capital of Vilnius, and by the request of Vytautas, he was elected bishop, and in a letter to the Pope, 1398, he was called Lithuanian, examples are early enough, then they are bynames rather than inherited oppositions), e.g. The name might be chosen before the birth of the recipient, depending on the circumstances of the parents and on the prospects for the future of the coming child. Poland was ruled at various times either by dukes and princes (10th to 14th centuries) or by kings (11th to 18th centuries). (4) Kazys Kuzavinis and Bronys Savukynas, "Lietuviø vardø etimologinis þodynas", in: Vardai ir þodþiai, Vilnius, 1971, pp. Patronymic surnames such as Jansen/Janssen, Hansen, and Petersen are the most common names in the far north (Lower Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein). The Lithuanian vardininkas, kilmininkas, naudininkas etc. (Old Danish vol. He comments: "In the old past, when people had a single name, i.e., were named by a single personal name, that name could have been the only name given by someone as a nickname, therefore, in all the languages the surnames in a great many cases derived from nicknames. 55. Differences from the Lithuanian version: Red - additions in German text only; Green - different word or surname order only in German version. Hansom is a surname, and may refer to:* Charles Francis Hansom (1816 1888), English architect * Joseph Hansom (1803 1882), English inventor

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