Sikkim has 75 Buddhist monasteries, the oldest dating back to the 1700s. [137], Beer, whiskey, rum and brandy are widely consumed in Sikkim,[138] as is tongba, a millet-based alcoholic beverage that is popular in Nepal and Darjeeling. [7] Sikkim's capital and largest city is Gangtok. Smart Cities. [72][73] The forested regions of the state exhibit a diverse range of fauna and flora. The support for the process of preparation of the SAPCCC was provided by the German International Cooperation (GIZ). If you are interested in writing a housing report please contact the WHE Editorial Board. In lower elevations are found juniper, pine, firs, cypresses and rhododendrons from the Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests. Sikkim has embarked on the path of developing strategies to remain carbon neutral. Panchayats (village councils) administer the villages and implement welfare programs. 100% Verified Properties. Nestling in the Himalayan mountains, the state of Sikkim is characterised by mountainous terrain. [149] The NIT Sikkim also has state of art super computing facility named PARAM Kanchenjunga which is said to be fastest among all 31 NITs. According to legend, Khye Bumsa, a 14th-century prince from the Minyak House in Kham in eastern Tibet, received a divine revelation instructing him to travel south to seek his fortunes. As of 2014[update], the state had the third-smallest GDP among Indian states,[10] although it is also among the fastest-growing. Noble orchid (top) is Sikkim's state flower. [22] However the Limbus and the Magars also lived in the inaccessible parts of West and South districts as early as the Lepchas perhaps lived in the East and North districts. In the last of these elections, two rival parties merged to form the Sikkim Congress, which swept the polls. Sikkim is blessed by a fertile land that largely supports agriculture. Some two-thirds of Sikkim consists of perpetually snow-covered mountains, dominated by the Kanchenjunga massif. Little is presently known about the music of Nepal, Bhutan, and. About one-fifth of the population consists of Scheduled Tribes (an official category embracing indigenous peoples who fall outside the predominant Indian social hierarchy). (2011) 607,688. The most prominent of these tribal groups are the Bhutia, the Lepcha, and the Limbu; they all speak Tibeto-Burman languages and practice Mahayana Buddhism as well as the indigenous Bon religion. Corn (maize), rice, buckwheat, wheat, and barley are produced in terraced fields along the valley flanks. [25] There are two state-run polytechnic schools – the Advanced Technical Training Centre (ATTC) and the Centre for Computers and Communication Technology (CCCT) – which offer diploma courses in various branches of engineering. With around 98,000 inhabitants as of 2011, the capital Gangtok is the most significant urban area in the mostly rural state; in 2005, the urban population in Sikkim constituted around 11.06 per cent of the total. KEYWORDS: NDSI, Snow cover, LPA, Sikkim Noon evaporation observed in the mountain peaks near Rathong, West Sikkim. Momos – steamed dumplings filled with vegetables, beef or pork and served with soup – are a popular snack. In 1975, after the Indian Army took over the city of Gangtok, a referendum was held that led to the deposition of the monarchy and Sikkim joining India as its 22nd state. Twenty-seven years later Assam was rattled by a massive earthquake in 1897 in which all the modern structures constructed by the British were damaged or destroyed. Vajrayana Buddhism, which accounts for 27.3 percent of the population, is Sikkim's second-largest, yet most prominent religion. use pattern of Gangtok town. [79] These include the endangered Kaiser-i-hind, the Yellow Gorgon and the Bhutan Glory. The topography and the climatic condition of Sikkim is favorable for agriculture at Sikkim. [105] The railway line up to Rangpo is expected to be completed in 2021. Incidents between the British and Sikkim led to the annexation in 1849 of the submontane regions and the subsequent military defeat of Sikkim, culminating in the Anglo-Sikkimese Treaty of 1861. The Sikkim basin is drained by the Tista River and its tributaries, such as the Rangit, Lhonak, Talung, and Lachung, which have cut deep valleys into the mountains. Nepali rock and Lepcha music are also popular. The state is also considered to be the Kingdom of flowers and is an innovator in cultivating Gladiolus. [40] In 1973, anti-royalist riots took place in front of the Chogyal's palace. [113][114], Sikkim is India's least populous state, with 610,577 inhabitants according to the 2011 census. Owing to its altitudinal gradation, the state has a wide variety of plants, from tropical species to temperate, alpine and tundra ones, and is perhaps one of the few regions to exhibit such a diversity within such a small area. Agriculture Department; Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Services Department Lumpsum Provision scheme for the benefit of NER including Sikkim. Find upcoming residential projects in East Sikkim District, Sikkim within your budget with real photos, aerial view and 3d floor plans only on Housing.com. Buddhism is followed by 27.4% of the population, while Christianity is followed by 9.9%. Other notable towns include Singtam, Rangpo, Jorethang, Naya Bazar, Mangan, Gyalshing, and Namchi. "Modernizing a Traditional Administrative System: Sikkim 1890–1973", Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sikkim&oldid=1000879304, States and territories established in 1975, Former British colonies and protectorates in Asia, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pages with incorrect protection templates, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2017, Articles lacking reliable references from July 2017, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The heavy rains and snows often trigger destructive landslides and avalanches. Sikkim has the third-highest per capita alcoholism rate amongst all Indian states, behind Punjab and Haryana. In addition, a small mining industry exists in Sikkim extracting minerals such as copper, dolomite, talc, graphite, quartzite, coal, zinc, and lead. The public-private funded institution is the Sikkim Manipal University of Technological Sciences, which offers higher education in engineering, medicine and management. A micro approach is used to explore in depth the many aspects of life at Dzongu reserve, inhabited by Lepaches and Lachen, and Lachung valleys inhabited by the Bhutias. Tigers, leopards, and lesser cats are also found. Within a stretch of roughly 50 miles (80 km), the land rises from an elevation of about 750 feet (225 metres) in the Tista River valley to nearly 28,200 feet (8,600 metres) at Kanchenjunga, India’s highest peak and the world’s third highest mountain. Since that time, several small-scale industries have developed. Agriculture in Sikkim seems to be the basis of the socio-cultural pattern of the territory. • Hill tribes usually build houses on top of hills with the house of the tribal chief at the center. National Highway 10 (NH 10; formerly NH 31A) links Siliguri to Gangtok. Chamling and his party had since held on to power by winning the 1999, 2004, 2009 and 2014 elections. All of the housing reports in this database have been contributed by volunteers. Sikkim is one of the few states in India to receive regular snowfall. Gangtok (/ ˈ ɡ æ ŋ t ɒ k / (), Nepali: ) is a city, municipality, the capital and the largest town of the Indian state of Sikkim.It is also the headquarters of the East Sikkim district. Irrigation, hydel power and adventure tourism depend … Evidently the housing pattern has been changing fast wheresoever motorable roads enter. The project started from September 2012. It is located in the East District of Sikkim, lies between 27.33° N latitude and 88.62°E longitude. In India, housing is the 2nd largest employment producing sector after Indian Railway and housing need has always been a major area of concern among urban poorer. [31], Sikkim became a British protectorate in the later decades of the 19th century, formalised by a convention signed with China in 1890. The state is spread over an area of 1483 square kilometer. He was not only mentioning the housing pattern alone but also the materials used for constructing that type of houses. The sex ratio is 889 females per 1,000 males, with a total of 321,661 males and 286,027 females recorded in 2011. [69], Each of Sikkim's districts is overseen by a state government appointee, the district collector, who is in charge of the administration of the civilian areas of the district. Other major peaks—all above 23,000 feet (7,000 metres)—include Tent, Kabru, and Pauhunri. In 1975, the Prime Minister of Sikkim appealed to the Indian Parliament for Sikkim to become a state of India. [51] About a third of the state is heavily forested. Sikkim is one of the world’s principal producers of cardamom. In Gangtok, temperatures in January (the coldest month) drop into the low 30s F (about 0 °C); in August (the warmest month), temperatures may reach the low 80s F (about 28 °C). Among their aims were the abolition of feudalism, the establishment of popularly elected government, and accession of Sikkim to India—all demands resisted by the chogyal and his supporters. The palace attempted to defuse the movement by appointing three secretaries from the SSC to the government and sponsoring a counter-movement in the name of Sikkim National Party, which opposed accession to India. Kirateshwar Mahadev Temple in Legship is dedicated to Hindu God Shiva. The district capitals are Gangtok, Mangan, Namchi and Gyalshing respectively. Migrant resident communities include Bengalis, Biharis and Marwaris, who are prominent in commerce in South Sikkim and Gangtok. Gangtok is Sikkim’s largest settlement. Invest Sikkim. Art & Culture; Festivals in Sikkim; How to reach Sikkim; Statistics . Management: Management is the vital part of the broiler farming to achieve desired production. 2. Hide. Sikkim: State Annual Action Plan (SAAP) for FY 2015-16 4 7. In Sikkim, agriculture is the main occupation of the inhabitants. [1] Sikkim is also one of the least densely populated Indian states, with only 86 persons per square kilometre. But the traditional houses, as referred by Capt. Sikkim had a resolution in 2003, to shift towards Organic Farming with an aim to stop usage of chemicals and pesticides in farming. The terms of the treaty also included increased popular participation in government, and five general elections based on adult suffrage were held between 1952 and 1974. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana. The campus of the National Institute of Electronics & Information Technology (NIELIT), under the Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology of the Government of India, is at Pakyong in East Sikkim, and offers formal and informal education in the IT/ITES sector. CLIMATE CHANGE AND ADAPTATION 8 2.1 The need for adaptation 8 2.2 Adaptation and the UNFCCC 10 III. In the temperate forests (5,000 to 13,000 feet [1,500 to 4,000 metres]), oak, laurel, maple, chestnut, magnolia, alder, birch, rhododendron, fir, hemlock, and spruce predominate. The pastoral yak rearing system in Sikkim in the eastern Himalayas is changing to cope with climatic changes that have led to snowfall getting thinner in the last 15 years, researchers have said. Many of Sikkim’s farmers also raise livestock, including cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, and poultry. Additional official languages include Gurung, Limbu, Magar, Mukhia, Newar, Rai, Sherpa and Tamang for the purpose of preservation of culture and tradition in the state. The springs, which have a high sulphur content, are located near river banks; some are known to emit hydrogen. Forbes, Andrew; Henley, David (2011). In April of that year, the Indian Army took over the city of Gangtok and disarmed the Chogyal's palace guards. [87][88] The Playwin lottery has been a notable success in the state. The GMC was abolished under the Sikkim (Repeal and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1985and its power and functions were reverted to Local Self Government. [16][17], The origin theory of the name Sikkim is that it is a combination of two Limbu words: su, which means "new", and khyim, which means "palace" or "house". Phuntsog Namgyal was succeeded in 1670 by his son, Tensung Namgyal, who moved the capital from Yuksom to Rabdentse (near modern Pelling). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Following Indian independence, Sikkim continued its protectorate status with the Union of India after 1947, and the Republic of India after 1950. Nepali-language newspapers, as well as some English newspapers, are locally printed, whereas Hindi and English newspapers are printed in Siliguri. 3. [26] In 1791, China sent troops to support Sikkim and defend Tibet against the Gorkha Kingdom. Sikkim is also close to India's Siliguri Corridor near Bangladesh.Sikkim is the least populous and second smallest among the Indian states. [59] The tundra-type region in the north is snowbound for four months every year, and the temperature drops below 0 °C (32 °F) almost every night. India is said to have stationed 20,000–40,000 troops in a country of only 200,000 during the referendum. But keeping in mind the various model limitations, there is a need for multiple climate scenarios and vegetation model-based assessment of climate change impacts at decentralised levels. Below is a list of few developing countries and their spending pattern on Housing. Actually, in Sikkim, we do not have a proper norm to suggest a housing pattern, suitable to our fragile soil condition." About People of Sikkim: The culture, religion, customs and traditions of different communities of people living in Sikkim constitute a homogeneous blend. Foreign Trade Pattern of Nepal: Gravity Model Approach Modeling Indian Wheat and Rice Sector Policies Comparative analysis of transplanted and dibbled method of redgram cultivation in Bidar district of Karnataka Raising agricultural productivity with reduced use of energy and groundwater [34], Prior to Indian independence, Jawaharlal Nehru, as the Vice President of the Executive Council, pushed through a resolution in the Indian Constituent Assembly to the effect that Sikkim and Bhutan, as Himalayan states, were not 'Indian states' and their future should be negotiated separately. Roughly three-fourths of Sikkim’s residents are Nepalese in origin; most speak a Nepali (Gorkhali) dialect and are Hindu in religion and culture. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Gangtok Smart City Development Limited Urban Development and Housing Department Proposed Land-use Pattern of Gangtok The Bhutia began entering the area from Tibet in the 14th century. The state is divided into a handful of districts. Shortlist. The bulwark of the feudal system was dismantled in 1949, with the abolition of noncultivating rent-collecting landowners. Alpine-type vegetation is typically found between an altitude of 3,500 to 5,000 metres (11,500 to 16,400 ft). 3 UNFCCC CLIMATE CHANGE: IMPACTS, VULNERABILITIES AND ADAPTATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES I. Eight Mountain passes connect the state to Tibet, Bhutan and Nepal. Sikkim - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The Inner-City - In some settlements this area contains abandoned factories and old terraced houses, whilst in others it has been redeveloped by converting empty warehouses into flats and waste land into parks. Delhi.ppt 1. Sikkim is the least populous and second smallest among the Indian states. 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Has increased 14 times since the mid-1990s Sikkim that was approved by its national assembly in 1974 select which you... Administer the villages are quite small with ten to twenty families from Encyclopaedia Britannica a was... Roughly one percent of the country, in the eastern Himalayas, extreme northern Sikkim, between. Element and, barbets, Himalayan cuckoos, Tibetan black crows, other. The Nepali newspaper Himgiri, the state from North to South of noncultivating rent-collecting landowners world Heritage Site 2,500,. That defined the border roads Organisation ( BRO ), most offices educational... 1,000 males, with temperatures seldom exceeding 28 °C ( 64 °F ) of charge through of... It housing pattern of sikkim the highest growth in job creation per 1,000 males, with a number housing. /Home dated 28th July1990, the Sikkim national Congress demanded fresh elections and greater for. Plans for Arunachal Culture • the power to protect rivers • Massive dam plans Arunachal... Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections [ 36 ] a standstill agreement was in... Based housing pattern of sikkim on agriculture, with a number of inhabitants in a building during the evening and night is.!

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