‘Rest’ in God was an Old Testament theme. See, for example, Psalms 116:7, where it resulted from His saving activity; Psalms 132:14 where the psalmist desired to rest in God’s presence; Isaiah 28:12, where it was offered to God’s professing people, and they rejected it; Isaiah 30:15, where it spoke of an attitude of heart required of God’s people, which they again rejected; Isaiah 32:17-18, where it was to be a part of a life of confidence, quietness and peace, the result of the pouring out of the Spirit from above; and Ezekiel 38:11, where it spoke of the assured confidence and blessing of God’s people who rest securely in Him and under His protection so that no other is needed. We should note further that there is a great emphasis in the passage on ceasing from works. They received this rich promise laden with God’s intention to bless them, “but the word which they heard did them no good, because in those who heard, it was not mixed with faith”. (Witham). but an appearance of a dread reality to the eye of God and in the light of the final judgment. Hebrews 4:1 King James … That God has a rest is also stated in the ninety-fifth Psalm, for these words “they shall not enter into my rest” prove that God had a rest. (1) Let us therefore fear.—The emphasis rests upon “fear,” not upon “us.” It is noteworthy that the writer begins with “Let us,” though about to write “lest any of you;” he will have gained his object if he brings his readers to share his fear. He who had opened the sea for them to pass through, who had given them manna and water from the rock, who had guided them through the pathless wilderness in a pillar of cloud by day and fire by night, could easily have given them the victory; but they walked by sight, they looked at the Canaanites and refused to attack them. Hebrews 4:9-11). The smallest temptation is sufficient to overcome them, and their only security is confidence in God. Tweet ... What Does it Mean to Fall Away? It has to do with the promise of “entering into His rest”, “lest any of you should seem to come short of it” (Hebrews 4:1). The following information is provided. [Note: Lane, p98. (Hebrews 6:4-6) The Conditions of Becoming Reprobate (Hebrews 6:4-6) Hebrews 6:7-8. until the resurrection morn; and there is a rest of the soul Confident of Better Things (Hebrews 6:9-10) Hebrews 6:11-12. Thus we may see it as meaning either a present experience of believers (Matthew 11:28-29), or a future experience still awaited, but now enjoyed by the dead (see Revelation 6:11; Revelation 14:13). For Christians, it means enjoying all the blessings that God has promised that faithful believers will experience in heaven. Let us therefore fear. Since so many have fallen, we have cause to fear (Hebrews 3:17-19). —Implying a belief in its practical possibility and an earnest desire to avoid it. The fear of God is the beginning of wisdom. [Note: Dillow, p83.]. Belief, then, is everything. The exhortation is similar to that of using diligence to make our calling and election sure, and of using diligence to the full assurance of hope to the end, proving that we are of the truth, and assuring our hearts before him. It demanded from them much that had to be done that was very burdensome and required much toil, and which with failure brought heavy guilt. Definition. Here it is simply said that such a promise remains unexhausted, waiting for complete fulfilment. promise of it, intend the Gospel and its dispensation, the left in Christ's hands, and shall never fail; though some who What is the “therefore” there for? Being left us - still remaining to us after the others have, by neglect, lost it. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. diseases, where it rests under the guardianship of the Spirit, By saying Lest we be disappointed of the promise left us, he intimates that no one comes short of it except he who by rejecting grace has first renounced the promise; for God is so far from repenting to do us good that he ceases not to bestow his gifts except when we despise his calling. These terms refer to blessings that God"s people could anticipate in the next stage of their lives if they followed Him faithfully in the present stage of their lives. That is not the rest that is in view. ; lest, after once being pardoned and sanctified, we at last are seen to have fallen and become lost. Had it not been God’s original purpose and desire that men should enter into His rest, it could not be said that “in wrath” He excluded some. Each succeeding generation throughout the history of Israel faced its own tests. (NASB: Lockman)Greek: ei gar autous Iesous katepausen, ouk an peri alles elalei meta tauta emerasei. Our comfort and safety depend upon the due admixture of hope and fear. Hebrews 4:1-3, 9-12: "strive to enter the rest of God" Moving to the next passage, from Hebrews 4 this time, we read: "Therefore, while the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us fear lest any of you should seem to have failed to reach it. The writer proceeds therefore to prove that this promise is left and is still open. Christ having passed into the Heavens, is made an unanswerable Argument, to come unto him boldly. or with some other particular blessing in the future. they should do, for the glory of God, the honour of Christ and This clause confirms both the statements of the previous verse: “we have the promise as well as they,” for we are entering into the rest [note the emphatic position of ]; and “the word failed them because of their lack of faith,” for it is our faith [ ] which is carrying us into the rest. Proverbs 1:7. This quotation confirms the first clause of the verse, because it proves two things: first, that God had a rest, and second, that He intended that man should rest with Him, because it was “in His wrath,” justly excited against the unbelieving (cf.Hebrews 3:9-10), that He sware they should not enter in. The fearful are classed with the unbelieving. to encourage them so to do: lest. We are not to doubt the truth of the Divine promise, and the more firmly we believe it the more active shall we be in the fulfilment of every duty; but we are to fear the treachery of our own hearts. Instead he warned them about failing to enter into their rest. Professing Christians are also therefore to be afraid lest they too fail to enter into God’s promised rest, by coming short of God’s promise, by failing to benefit from it. Hastings. One , Plato, Apol., p. 42] into His (i.e., God’s) rest, any of you (not ) should fancy that he has come too late for it; . The writer himself could have done this. see the Phaedo, p. 95A. Psalms 16:9; Psalms 37:7; Psalms 116:7; Psalms 132:14; Isaiah 28:12; Isaiah 30:15; Isaiah 32:17-18; Ezekiel 38:11; 2 Thessalonians 1:7). By this the law was magnified and made honorable. The other is condemned and represented as a characteristic of the wicked. He is burdened for the spiritual well-being of his church. on StudyLight.org. Mercy flows in no other channel than through the atonement of Christ. Hebrews 4:8 For if Joshua had given them rest, He would not have spoken of another day after that. Canaan. Proud member To them the rapture was the expected end for the Christian and death an unfortunate and temporary requirement for some (compare 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18), and there is much in the atmosphere of the passage (admittedly a subjective judgment, but nevertheless to be considered) to suggest that an immediate entry into rest is in mind in this Hebrews passage. For the Israelites in the wilderness, this meant enjoying the peace and prosperity of the Promised Land to the full. 4 1 “For indeed the day 2 is coming, burning like a furnace, and all the arrogant evildoers will be chaff. With His dying breath He proclaimed that the work of expiation was finished, and the Father Revelation -echoed the declaration from the bounds of the everlasting hills by raising Him from the dead and placing in His hands the reins of universal dominion, and exalting Him at the right-hand of the throne of God a Prince and a Savior, to give repentance to Israel and the remission of sins. Others have concluded that the passage addresses neither observance nor nonobservance of the Sabbath. In contrast for God’s people there is rest, and was intended to be from the beginning. God has assured all Christians of enjoying the millennial kingdom and our "heavenly husband" (i.e, Jesus Christ). “Let us therefore fear” links this passage with the previous chapter. Chapter 3 used the example of Israel's failure in the desert. The writer expressed concern in this verse that some of his readers might conclude that they had missed entering into their rest (i.e, their full spiritual inheritance). . Through following Him they could find forgiveness and acceptability with God. While I no longer see Hebrews 4:8-10 as a proof text for the Sabbath, the message of Hebrews 4 has become laden with a deeper meaning for the seventh-day Sabbath. The problem with the latter is that it is suggested that Israel did not enter into ‘rest’ (Hebrews 4:5), which would then exclude them all from an afterlife, which was almost certainly not so, (although this may be explained on the basis of a mixed metaphor). The generation of Israelites that crossed the Jordan with Joshua only entered into partial rest in the land due to their failure to trust and obey God completely. The one exhibits Christ as a refuge from the storm—a hiding-place from the tempest; the other points out the dangers through which many have made shipwreck of faith and of a good conscience. Any of you should seem to come short of it: "To equate the inheritance [only] with heaven [cf. Therefore, while the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us fear lest any of you should seem to have failed to reach it. The expression reflects significant light on the inner meaning of all God’s guidance of Israel’s history. These contradictory positions show that the meaning of the text is not … Hence the seem, or appear, is not a false seeming, but an appearance of a dread reality to the eye of God and in the light of the final judgment. But the former seems more likely in view of the fact that the entry is in order prevent a fall into disobedience, hardly to be seen as a likelihood after death. For we also have had the good news proclaimed to us, just as they did; but the message they heard was of no value to them, because they did not share the faith of those who obeyed. Should seem to come short of it; regarded by some as simply a softened way of saying, Should come short of it. 2) It is like the rest of God on the seventh day on His ceasing His ‘works’ of creation (Hebrews 4:4), a ‘sabbath-rest’, a resting on the seventh day with all ‘works’ completed (Hebrews 4:9). In this confidence there are two essential ingredients—a sense of our own weakness, and of the power and goodness of God. There is a promise made to the disciples of Christ, to be considered a few verses below, and they might come short or miss it. but with a cautious fear, a godly jealousy, a careful The accusative is best attested (see critical note), but the sense “not mixed by faith with those who heard,” i.e., Caleb and Joshua, is most improbable.] saints; in a freedom from a spirit of bondage to fear, and from Losing part of one"s inheritance probably involves losing the privilege of reigning with Christ in a position of significant responsibility in the future, at least (cf. Let us fear, then. Cf. In Christ alone God is revealed as just, and the justifier of those who believe. Lest there should be any semblance of falling short. 7) It is described as ‘partaking in Christ’ (Hebrews 3:14) and therefore being members of His house (Hebrews 3:6). Here we see the analogy to which we have referred between the natural and spiritual life. dokeō- is often used so as to appear to give no essential addition to the sense of a passage, though it is probable that it always gave a shading to the meaning. They had the promise of God pledged to their fathers Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, their own triumph over the Egyptians at the Red Sea to assure them of victory; but all the proofs of His power in the wilderness were forgotten, and they only thought of the prowess of the Canaanites, and, by refusing to enter the land, they came short of the promised rest. Not with a fear of wrath and damnation; nor with a fear of diffidence and distrust of the power, grace, and goodness of God; but with a cautious fear, a godly jealousy, a careful circumspection, and watchfulness: lest a promise being left [us] of entering into his rest; Hebrews 4:1 Context. God had to work again there because man had sinned. He hopes that none will come short of it. So the question is, what is this rest as far as believers are concerned? Or, though the earthly rest has been entered, the promise of the heavenly still remains. The Book of Hebrews begins with the declaration that while God has spoken in various ways through the Old Testament prophets, He has now spoken fully and finally in His Son (Hebrews 1:1-4). Continued unbelief will exclude us from God’s rest, from the peace and blessedness which the Gospel gives both here and hereafter; and even if we finally repent and reach heaven, unbelief will, in proportion as we indulge it, lessen the enjoyment into which we enter by believing, and which we can enter in no other way. This second warning is the longest of the five and runs from 3:1 thru 4:16. 4:1) to allow God to be and do all He wants to be and do in their lives, but at the same time they have psychologically patterned thoughts and attitudes of self-oriented desire to act and "be all they can be for God." ‘A promise being left of entering into his rest.’ Now the writer speaks of ‘His’ rest. This last phrase, which it is not easy to express, calls attention to the greatness of the danger and emphasizes the caution. We are studying the second of five warning passages in the book of Hebrews. meaning is, that saints should be concerned so to behave, that Revelation 21:8. 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Passage addresses neither observance nor nonobservance of the new Israelite generation even that as.... Are here shewn, that they may not depart from Him who is entered by those who genuine. And his readers hidden weaknesses that went undetected until it was not a present experience Him... The sense of losing part of their inheritance, if they apostatized yoke... Present situation ) Greek: ei gar autous Iesous katepausen, ouk an peri elalei. Contradictory hebrews 4:1 meaning show that the meaning of all unfruitfulness under the word disobedience not... For indeed the day 2 is coming, burning like a furnace, and the justifier of those who themselves! Subsequent generations of Israelites experienced the same precious Subject is continued through this whole chapter yoke and were...

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