The state tree was established in 1939 by the General Assembly. Read on to find out 10 of the most interesting facts about Arkansas history. Milk is the official state beverage. Geographically located north of Louisiana and flanked on the east by the Mississippi River’s west bank, the development of the state of Arkansas spanned three centuries. Arkansas is the Natural State indeed. [15], 5. After it returned to the union, the economic and social life was down in Arkansas because the people relied so much on the plantation and slavery. No doubt, Arkansas is the largest producer of rice among the 50 states. 5. [1], 20. Rice production reportedly began in Arkansas in 1902 with one acre of rice grown in Lonoke County. These ; Native Americans later were called the Quapaw, also called the Arkansaw. [1], 14. In some years, the company became one of the largest poultry and meat processing firm in the world. Facts about Little Rock Arkansas 4: the history of Little Rock. [26] Arkansas – Quick facts and State symbols It is bordered by Louisiana to the south, Texas to the southwest, Oklahoma to the west, Missouri to the north, as well as Tennessee and Mississippi on the east. 12. It has over 600,000 acres of lakes. This event marked an important milestone in the nation’s civil rights movement. Its name is an Algonquian name of the Quapaw Indians. If you are interested to know more about the history of Little Rock, you may come to the historic neighborhoods, historic districts and history museums. The Apple Blossom is the Arkansas state flower. Here Arsenic and Old Lace we are set in the Ozark Mountains of Eureka Springs. Arkansas is the 33rd most populous and the 29th most extensive of the 50 states of the United States. The state is known for its beautiful lakes, rivers, and hot springs. In Dover, Arkansas, there is an operational double-decker outhouse at the Booger Hollow Trading Post.. General Douglas MacArthur, soldier and statesman, was born in Little Rock in 1880. The honeybee is the Arkansas state insect. There was also a road built between Little Rock and Memphis which also helped the city grow. 1821 - Little Rock becomes the capital. Forty Acres And A Mule? In the past, the people relied their life on the plantation. 11. The beautiful Apple Blossom has pink and white petals with green leaves. By Jamie Kiffel-Alcheh Arkansas MC Mocktalk the northern mockingbird shows Barry the bald eagle around Arkansas, known as the Natural State. Check American slavery facts here. Facts about Arkansas 4: the economy today. Tyson Foods, Inc., was one of the most important manufacturing firms in Arkansas. Request your free vacation guide to Eureka Springs. Flickr/Jimmy Emmerson DVM. Arkansas is the 33rd most populous and the 29th most extensive of the 50 states of the United States. In 1957, for the first time in the history of the state, nine African Americans were inducted into Little Rock Central High School. Arkansas Fun Facts. Come learn about the geography, symbols, history, and unique features of 'The Natural State' in this lesson! Get facts and photos about the 25th state. Arkansas got its name from French settlers in the region. The state changed its nickname from “Land of Opportunity” to “The Natural State” in 1995. As of 1 January 2018, the population of Arkansas was estimated to be 3,004,279. Each morning begins with a gourmet breakfast to start your day off on the right foot. The state also generates its own nuclear and hydroelectric power for the purpose. [1], 18. We have 5 guest suites each complete with private bathroom, seasonal fireplace, and whirlpool tub. The school previously allowed only white students to attend. History. Its total length is 1,450 miles. history.com. Mount Magazine at 2,753 feet is the highest point in the state. Arkansas - Arkansas - History: Arkansas’s earliest inhabitants included indigenous hunting-and-gathering peoples whose cultures flourished about 500 ce. Arkansas was part of the Louisiana Purchase between the United States and France. It lies in the southeastern region of the United States. The largest diamond ever discovered in North America was found in Crater of Diamonds State Park in 1924. Arkansas’s 10 largest cities (2010.) Arkansas is officially known as The Natural State. Despite the immense resources, Arkansas is one of the poorest states in the union. alone. About half of Arkansas is covered under forest. The state attained statehood on June 15, 1836, becoming the 25th state to join the union. One of the distinctive features of these communities was their use of bluff shelters for seasonal or other short-term residence. [9,22], 6. Arkansas is home to 4 species of the pine including the Shortleaf pine, Loblolly pine, Longleaf pine, and Slash pine. In the early 20th century, ostrich racing was a popular sport at Cockburn’s Ostrich Farm in Hot Springs. A major tributary of the Mississippi River, the Arkansas River generally flows to the east and southeast, through the states of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas.At 1,469 miles long, it is the sixth longest river in the United States and the second-longest tributary in the Mississippi-Missouri system. The diamond mine is the only in the world that allows the public to keep what they find. The state flower was established back in 1901. A farm in Lavaca has a silo painted into a giant Budweiser beer can. Arkansas City Facts. [7], 23. Arkansas (AR): Map, Abbreviation, State, History and Facts Arkansas State. President Clinton was one of the most popular presidents in modern history and has since brought a lot of clout and development to his home state. 1868 - Arkansas is readmitted to the Union. [10], 27. It is situated in the Arkansas River valley.[1]. The name Arkansas is derived from the word. Rice, soybeans, and wheat are some of the important crops from the region. The name Arkansas comes from an Indian word that means down-stream people. In 1973, Act 49 of the state General Assembly thought that the hardworking honeybee represented the people of Arkansas. However, it is also one of the most generous states. Arkansas - Location in the US Earliest Residents. Did you know that Little Rock (the state’s capital) derives its name from a small rock formation on the south bank of the Arkansas River called the “Little Rock”.[14]. In years past, Arkansas was a large producer of apples. 10,000 BC - The first indigenous people were of the Paleo-Indian culture who lived in caves or were Nomadic Hunters. Read on to find out 10 of the most interesting facts about Arkansas history. [5], 24. Arkansas (/ ˈ ɑːr k ən s ɔː /) is a state in the south central United States, home to more than three million people as of 2018. Its name is from the Osage language, of Siouan derivation; it denoted their related kin, the Quapaw people. If you’ve ever wondered about Arkansas history, there are some pretty interesting facts about how the state of Arkansas came to be. At 40.23 carats, it was named “Uncle Sam.” More than 33,100 diamonds have been found by park visitors since the Crater of Diamonds became an Arkansas state park in 1972. Arkansas became the 25th state to enter the Union in 1836. The South Arkansas vine ripe pink tomato is the official state fruit and blossom. Food products are the state's largest employing sector, with lumber and wood products a close second. Did you know that Arkansas was ranked number 8th on the list of the states with most underprivileged children? Elevations in the state range from 54 feet above sea level in the far southeast corner to 2,753 feet above at Mount Magazine, the state's highest point. Fun Facts. We invite you to come and visit Arkansas and check out the beauty for yourself. Early efforts to integrate freed slaves largely failed. Did you know that the first WalMart was opened in 1962 by Sam Walton in Rogers, Arkansas? 1. Arkansas is a state located in the Southern region of the United States. Little Rock is Arkansas’s state capital. Arkansas imports a lot of coal from Wyoming and thus uses it for producing energy to meet the demand of its inhabitants. [26], 3. [1], 13. In June of 1836, Arkansas became a state. The design for the state flag of Arkansas was chosen by contest in 1913, and honors the state’s diamond mining history by portraying the state’s name in the center of a diamond. Arkansas is actually a large producer of honey and in 2001, was ranked 8. The land rose during periods of tectonic uplift, and water in the Gulf of Mexico retreated to near its present position. It was covered by the waters of the Gulf of Mexico until about 50 million years ago. Before Arkansas was a state, it became a separate territory in 1819. He served two terms as the governor of the state. According to the Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture, the highest temperature ever recorded happened on Aug. 10, 1936, with a whopping 120 degrees in Ozark. [6], 4. [1], 17. Lafayette County (545 sq mi) is the smallest county in Arkansas. Did you know that from 1874 to 1967, every Arkansas governor was a member of the Democratic Party? Arkansas is the only US State that produces diamonds. County Population Facts. From how the state got its nickname to how Little Rock became the capital, it all dates back to the early 1800’s. It is the 33rd most populous state in the United States. The name Arkansas is derived from the word acansaw which means downstream place. [10], 26. Can you locate Arkansas on this printable map of America?Arkansas is home to plenty of natural areas, with a wide range of landscapes to explore. With the conclusion of the Civil War in 1865, the onslaught of the Reconstruction days, as they were called, commenced and many prominent changes occurred. Before Arkansas was a state, Arkansas was home to only 400 residents and around 60 buildings. Arkansas History. [9], 8. During the American Civil War, Arkansas was one of the Confederate states, however, it was the second state to be put back in to the U.S. in the Reconstruction.. Geography 22. Symbolizing the becoming of Arkansas as the 25th state of the union, Arkansas state flag has 25 stars. 40. See the full list of the 50 states and their borders here. We’ve got 2.5 million acres of national forest, fifty state parks, seven national scenic byways, and three state scenic byways. Fur trader Henri de Tonty, the Father of Arkansas, founded the first European Settlement on the Arkansas River. Did you know that diamonds are also Arkansas’ state gem? We look forward to seeing you soon. The honeybee has great attention to detail and works hard on crop pollination. There are so many interesting facts about Arkansas around this period in history that it's worth a trip to some of the region's museums for a broader illustration of the most notable events. Other nicknames in the past have included the Wonder State, Rackensack, the Bear State and the Toothpick State. The Mockingbird is also the state bird of Texas, Tennessee, Mississippi, and Florida. 1819 - The Arkansas Territory is established by the U.S. Congress. All Rights Reserved. © 2020 TheFactFile.Org. [1], 15. It is interesting to note here that Walmart employes a staggering 2.3 million associates around the world, out of which 1.5 million are employed in the U.S. Arkansas’s most important crop is rice. The Little Rock Central High School and Quapaw Quarter are … The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Arkansas is also a leader in the production of cotton, rice, and soybeans. P. The Mississippi River is the second-longest river in the United States. In the 1980’s the state was given the nickname by the Arkansas Parks System. [23], 7. Interestingly, a 13-year-old girl from Missouri found a 2.93-carat diamond in Crater of Diamonds State Park. [1,13], 16. Pulaski County (382,748) is the most populated county in Arkansas. 1804 - Arkansas is part of the Louisiana Territory. Facts about Arkansas 3: the downfall. 1836 - Arkansas becomes the 25th U.S. state. [1], 10. Get our guide to the best of: Before Arkansas was a state, it became a separate territory in 1819. The word “Arkansas” is pronounced with a silent “s” at the end. 30. The Pine tree is Arkansas’s state tree. The Arkansas state bird is the Mockingbird and has been since 1929. Arkansas First Early Inhabitants Timeline. Culture. Arkansas Historical Quarterly is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal, issued quarterly by the Arkansas Historical Association, that “covers economic, political, and cultural history of Arkansas from pre-history to contemporary issues.” (description from Ulrichsweb) Did you know that Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto was the first European to reach Arkansas in 1541? CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. The Arkansas state musical instrument is the fiddle. Arkansas-native Hattie Caraway was the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate in November 1932. The poultry industry is one of the largest private employers in the state. It was designated in 1987. Tourists really liked it, so it stuck. Bill Clinton was the governor of Arkansas before becoming the president of the U.S. [8], 25. [1], 19. Arkansas (nicknamed: “the Natural State”, “Land of Opportunity”) has 75 counties. If you’ll be traveling to the area for the first time, be sure to download our free Vacation Guide before you arrive. In June of 1836, Arkansas became a state. More Arkansas History Firsts & State Facts. Interestingly, it is against state law to mispronounce the word “Arkansas” while in the state. The Arkansas River is the longest stream to flow into the Mississippi-Missouri river system. Arkansas has a rich and unique culture unlike that of any other state in the southern region of the United States. Arkansas is the 25th state of the United States. As the end of the Civil War drew near in 1865, many freed slaves left their plantations to join the Union army as it pushed through Georgia. The Presidential Clinton Library in Little Rock is a major tourist attraction. Arkansas is home to the first piece of land protected by the … Let's delve into the history of Arkansas and learn how this great state got its name and other fascinating facts! Arkansas is known as The Natural State but has not always been referred to as that. This was done to promote tourism in the state.”. Did you know that the website of Arkansas Space Observatory is one of the world’s most visited space resources today? [4], 9. Arkansas has experienced only one major earthquake (the New Madrid earthquake of 1811-1812). Arkansas joined the Confederacy in 1861, but from 1863 the northern part of the state was occupied by Union troops. It shares its border with six states (Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Missouri.) The state’s capital is Little Rock. Little Rock became the capital in 1836. are: Little Rock (196,188) is in Pulaski County 12. The town quickly grew and soon had the Arkansas Gazette, schools, and churches. History. The state is also home to some 300 native species of birds including bald eagles, blue jays, flycatchers and more. 29. [2], 2. The design of the Arkansas state flag was actually the result of a contest. Annual Reports Arkansas Fact Sheets Bulletins County Geologic Reports Educational Workshop Series Geologic Field Books Guide Books Industrial Mineral Reports Information Circulars Miscellaneous Publications Open-File Reports Roadside Geology Series State Park Series USGS Grants Water Circulars Water Summaries The racial divides in the United States have a long and troubled history, beginning with slavery in the American colonies and continuing today, with police violence against African Americans and ensuing riots. Arkansas does not have any federally recognized lands or tribes which existed within the state. It was designated in 1985. 21. However, some historical records suggest that rice was grown in some parts of Arkansas prior to the Civil War. Willie Kavanaugh Hocker designed the flag with its outer diamond, 25 white stars and 4 blue stars within the diamond. Clay. The state attained statehood on June 15, 1836, becoming the 25th state to join the union. iStock 17. Miller County was formed in 1820 in the Arkansas Territory; it was named in honor General James Miller, Arkansas' first territorial governor and a general during the War of 1812.Miller County was formed although there was considerable uncertainty as to the location of the boundary between the county (and the United States) and the Mexican boundary (Mexico then included Texas). The 25 white stars represent Arkansas being the 25. Rice production is a billion dollar industry in Arkansas. The Caddo, Osage, and Quapaw are the three native tribes that lived in the Arkansas region. Calhoun County (5,368) is the least populated county in Arkansas. facts about arkansas history 1836 - Arkansas becomes the 25th U.S. state. This was the first time this was done (way before the concept of a national park existed). [12], 28. 1861 - Arkansas secedes from the Union and becomes a member of the Confederate States of America. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozarks and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. The land of the Hot Springs National Park was set aside by the federal government for its use as an area for recreation. The observatory began in 1971 and it was established by P. Clay Sherrod and his brother, Brian Sherrod. 39. Established near the mouth of the Arkansas River in 1686, Arkansas Post was the first permanent white settlement in the state.. The state is the leading producer of rice and provides 46% of the country’s supply. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. See the full list of the 50 states and their borders here. Bring history and geography to life with Time4Learning’s interactive online social studies curriculum for grades 2-12.. Geographical Facts About Arkansas. The state flag has 25 stars on it to symbolize Arkansas becoming the 25th state. Cephas Washburn established Dwight Mission near Russellville as a school for Cherokee youth at … Arkansas is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. The explorers met a group of Indians, known as the Ugakhpah, which means "people who live downstream.". It lies in the southeastern region of the United States. The first Arkansas State Highway Commission was appointed in 1913.[11]. The name Arkansas came from the Quapaw Indians, by way of early French explorers. Arkansas is also the only state in North America where you can find a diamond field. The Gulf Coastal Plain is an area of relatively gently sloping terrain extending across the southern portion of the United States from Texas to Georgia. With these facts about Arkansas, let us learn more about its history, geography, people, economy and more. Meteorites (the oldest known objects on the planet) weighing a couple of pounds or more fall within Arkansas about every year or two. 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