See also metre; rhythm. An example of beat is the beating of a heart. The effect can be easily simulated by evenly and repeatedly counting to four. Change your default dictionary to American English. ‘It was full of upbeat music, fast beats and swift rhythms.’ ‘People were drinking, shouting, singing along to the beat of the music, and dancing.’ ‘Honey strutted on the catwalk to the beat of the background music, smirking in her hot-pink party gown.’ ‘My fingers started tapping against my leg to the beat of the music.’ Divisions which require numbers, tuplets (for example, dividing a quarter note into five equal parts), are irregular divisions and subdivisions. Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. In a simple 44 rhythm these are beats 2 and 4. Cooper, Grosvenor and Meyer, Leonard B. Meyer (1960). Joe: I made this beat inspired … The downbeat is the first beat of the bar, i.e. Beat music, British beat, or Merseybeat is a popular music genre, influenced by rock and roll, skiffle, and traditional pop music, that developed in the United Kingdom in the early 1960s. For other uses, see. Subdivision begins two levels below the beat level: starting with a quarter note or a dotted quarter note, subdivision begins when the note is divided into sixteenth notes. This is a fundamental technique of African polyrhythm that transferred to popular western music. It’s the beat you’d naturally clap along to, or tap your foot to. Meaning "regular route travelled by someone" is attested from 1731, also "a track made by animals" (1736), from the sense of the "beat" of the feet on the ground (late Old English), or perhaps that in beat the bushes to flush game (c. 1400), or beat the bounds (1560s). Count: 1-2-3-4 … 1-2-3-4 … The 1 should be the loudest beat in your head, while 4 should be the weakest. The nature of this combination and division is what determines meter. Extended to journalism by 1875. Regularly patrolling a certain area. "[25][26], Basic unit of time in music and music theory, "Upbeat" redirects here. Definition and synonyms of beat from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education. Definition of beat in the dictionary. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [7] Early funk music often delayed one of the backbeats so as "to give a 'kick' to the [overall] beat". An example of beat is the rhythmic noise played on a drum. [5], In typical Western music 44 time, counted as "1 2 3 4, 1 2 3 4...", the first beat of the bar (downbeat) is usually the strongest accent in the melody and the likeliest place for a chord change, the third is the next strongest: these are "on" beats. See more. The bottom number tells you the kind of note to use to count that beat. beat noun (MUSIC) B2 [ C or U ] in music, a regular emphasis, or a place in the music where such an emphasis is expected: The guitar comes in on the third beat. As beats are combined to form measures, each beat is divided into parts. Synonyms for beat. Therefore, in order for meter to exist, some of the pulses in a series must be accented—marked for consciousness—relative to others. A "beat" is the standard measurement for a length of a piece of music. 2 hit "Freight Train Boogie" in 1946, as well as in other boogie songs they recorded. The downbeat has an implied accent, making it stand out from other beats. “ 3/4 beat in music” stands for the time signature symbol 3/4. A Beat. The beat is the steady pulse that you feel in the tune, like a clock’s tick. Alternative expressions include "pickup" and "anacrusis" (the latter ultimately from Greek ana ["up towards"] and krousis ["strike"/"impact"] through French anacrouse). Musical symbols are marks and symbols used since about the 13th century in musical notation of musical scores.Some are used to notate pitch, tempo, metre, duration, and articulation of a note or a passage of music. Some music genres such as funk will in general de-emphasize the beat, while other such as disco emphasize the beat to accompany dance.[4]. Cleland, Kent D. and Dobrea-Grindahl, Mary (2013). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). 3 the recurrent pattern formed by a series of sounds having a regular rise and fall in intensity. [17], Slap bass executions on the backbeat are found in styles of country western music of the 1930s, and the late '40s early '50s music of Hank Williams reflected a return to strong backbeat accentuation as part of the honky tonk style of country. [13], "A big part of R&B's attraction had to do with the stompin' backbeats that make it so eminently danceable," according to the Encyclopedia of Percussion. [22], Cross-rhythm. Another word for beat. "Hypermeter is meter, with all its inherent characteristics, at the level where measures act as beats. Different pieces are written in different time signatures, and time signatures determine the value of a beat. In terms of number of definitions, it’s hard to beat this little word. [22] In a double backbeat, one of the off beats is played as two eighth notes rather than one quarter note. [citation needed] A distinctive back beat can be heard on "Back Beat Boogie" by Harry James And His Orchestra, recorded in late 1939. The crusis of a measure or a phrase is a beginning; it propels sound and energy forward, so the sound needs to lift and have forward motion to create a sense of direction. Type Beat. Beat has always been an important part of music. 34 meanings of "beat", and other words that relate to it. [citation needed] There is a hand-clapping back beat on "Roll 'Em Pete" by Pete Johnson and Big Joe Turner, recorded in 1938. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. [21], In today's popular music the snare drum is typically used to play the backbeat pattern. The unit division of musical time is called a beat. 1. As a background against which to compare these various rhythms a bass drum strike on the downbeat and a constant eighth note subdivision on ride cymbal have been added, which would be counted as follows (bold denotes a stressed beat): So "off-beat" is a musical term, commonly applied to syncopation that emphasizes the weak even beats of a bar, as opposed to the usual on-beat. Rhythm in music is characterized by a repeating sequence of stressed and unstressed beats (often called "strong" and "weak") and divided into bars organized by time signature and tempo indications. ... strike (a part of one's own body) repeatedly, as in great emotion or in accompaniment to music "beat one's breast"; "beat one's foot rhythmically" beat (verb) be superior "Reading beats watching television"; "This sure beats work!" ... [in music] the rhythm, especially the bass. This idea of directionality of beats is significant when you translate its effect on music. Keeping time with the rhythm of a song. But it doesn’t matter if you don’t play an instrument or haven’t had music lessons before – here’s a simple explanation.. Beat definition, to strike violently or forcefully and repeatedly. [citation needed] Similarly Fred Maddox's characteristic backbeat, a slapping bass style, helped drive a rhythm that came to be known as rockabilly, one of the early forms of rock and roll. Corrections? number 1. fluctuation, oscillation, vibration. Man, that is just the kind of beat I like. [15] Although drummer Earl Palmer claimed the honor for "The Fat Man" by Fats Domino in 1949, which he played on, saying he adopted it from the final "shout" or "out" chorus common in Dixieland jazz, urban contemporary gospel was stressing the back beat much earlier with hand-clapping and tambourines. In the mid-1940s "hillbilly" musicians the Delmore Brothers were turning out boogie tunes with a hard driving back beat, such as the No. 2. ), simple triple (3/4), compound duple (6/8), and compound triple (9/8). For example, a time signature of 4/4 indicates that a quarter note (1/4) is one full beat, and that there are 4 beats in each measure of the song. Search beat music and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples beat phrase. [6], An anticipatory note or succession of notes occurring before the first barline of a piece is sometimes referred to as an upbeat figure, section or phrase. The upbeat is the last beat in the previous bar which immediately precedes, and hence anticipates, the downbeat. [2] The beat is often defined as the rhythm listeners would tap their toes to when listening to a piece of music, or the numbers a musician counts while performing, though in practice this may be technically incorrect (often the first multiple level). 2. beat - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. [14] An early record with an emphasised back beat throughout was "Good Rockin' Tonight" by Wynonie Harris in 1948. Music where two beats are combined is in duple meter, music where three beats are combined is in triple meter. The top number tells you how many beats are allowed within each measure. A rhythm in which the regular pattern of accents of the prevailing meter is contradicted by a conflicting pattern and not merely a momentary displacement that leaves the prevailing meter fundamentally unchallenged, A hyperbeat is one unit of hypermeter, generally a measure. We're going to go through the dance routine once more—let's try to stay on the beat this time, people! Definition of beat (Entry 2 of 4) 1 a : a single stroke or blow especially in a series a single beat on a drum also : pulsation, tick. Beat can mean “hit repeatedly,” “stir vigorously,” or “defeat.” A beat can also be a rhythmic pulse, a physical blow, or a funky poet. moved to the beat of the music. As beats are combined to form measures, each beat is divided into parts. Think of the beat as the music’s skeleton. The term anacrusis was borrowed from the field of poetry, in which it refers to one or more unstressed extrametrical syllables at the beginning of a line. Omissions? In popular use, beat can refer to a variety of related concepts, including pulse, tempo, meter, specific rhythms, and groove. Just as one is aware of the body’s steady pulse, or heartbeat, so in composing, performing, or listening to music one is aware of a periodic succession of beats.…, They may even beat their feet to mark it. A beat is best described as the pace, tempo or the timing that it takes to play a particular piece of music. The difference between the rhythm and the beat in music can often cause confusion. In music and music theory, the beat is the basic unit of time, the pulse (regularly repeating event), of the mensural level[1] (or beat level). Along with its many definitions, beat is featured in a wide variety of idioms. The anacrusis leads to the crusis, but doesn't have the same 'explosion' of sound; it serves as a preparation for the crusis. Meaning of beat. [5] Both terms correspond to the direction taken by the hand of a conductor. Find more ways to say beat, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. An example of a beat is the tempo at which a conductor leads an orchestra to play. In English, anákrousis translates literally as "pushing up". Beat is defined as a rhythmic movement, or is the speed at which a piece of music is played. The number and relative positions of accented and unaccented beats furnish the basis of proper metric articulation, with the strongest accent usually falling on the first beat … The nature of this combination and division is what determines meter. When someone who produces music but not famously makes a beat tagging a very famous celebrity in it, with hopes that they will hear the beat and use it one day. All Free. The number and relative positions of accented and unaccented beats furnish the basis of proper metric articulation, with the strongest accent usually falling on the first beat after the bar line. "Rhythm in Twentieth-Century Music". While there are many traditional African musics in which such a common reference pulse does exist, in several others the musicians in a group relate their parts to individual reference pulses, which can stand in various relations to one…, Dissonance is produced by beats (interference between pulsations of sound waves), and it is found that maximum dissonance occurs when the rate of beats between the two tones is about 33 per second. Think of the metronome on the piano going back and forth. [16] Other early recorded examples include the final verse of "Grand Slam" by Benny Goodman in 1942 and some sections of The Glenn Miller Orchestra's "(I've Got A Gal In) Kalamazoo", while amateur direct-to-disc recordings of Charlie Christian jamming at Minton's Playhouse around the same time have a sustained snare-drum backbeat on the hottest choruses. Beat, in music, the basic rhythmic unit of a measure, or bar, not to be confused with rhythm as such; nor is the beat necessarily identical with the underlying pulse of a given piece of music, which may extend over more than a single beat. Subdivisions (like eighth notes) that fall between the pulse beats are even weaker and these, if used frequently in a rhythm, can also make it "off-beat".[9]. For other uses, see, "Backbeat" redirects here. An unaccented beat or beats that occur before the first beat of a measure. ), simple triple (3/4), compound duple (6/8), and compound triple (9/8). Thus, simple duple (2/4, 4/4, 2/2, etc. It’s considered part of a rhythm and is the repeating and ongoing pulse in all music. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Developing Musicianship Through Aural Skills, "Beat: Accentuation. [10] Certain genres tend to emphasize the off-beat, where this is a defining characteristic of rock'n'roll and ska music. Definition of beat in the Idioms Dictionary. 1. A back beat, or backbeat, is a syncopated accentuation on the "off" beat. b : a sound produced by or as if by beating (see beat entry 1) dance to the beat of … When used in this way, the phrase is usually applied to police officers. When pulses are thus counted within a metric context, they are referred to as beats. 5. Thus, simple duple (2/4, 4/4, 2/2, etc. "in the old days a policeman walked a beat and knew all his people by name" Music where the beat is split in two are in simple meter, music where the beat is split in three are called compound meter. Winold, Allen (1975). Metric levels faster than the beat level are division levels, and slower levels are multiple levels. Anything that is displeasuring. In Western musical notation the number of beats to the measure is indicated by the upper figure of the time signature at the beginning of a musical composition, while the time value of each separate beat (e.g., a quarter or eighth note) is indicated by the lower figure. This is the British English definition of beat.View American English definition of beat. [citation needed], Outside U.S. popular music, there are early recordings of music with a distinctive backbeat, such as the 1949 recording of Mangaratiba by Luiz Gonzaga in Brazil. Beat definition: If you beat someone or something, you hit them very hard. (i) Strong and weak beats", Riding the Rails to Stardom - The Maddox Brothers and Rose, "James Brown, the 'Godfather of Soul', Dies at 73", "Maceo Parker: The Hardest Working Sideman", "Lessons in listening – Concepts section: Fantasy, Earth Wind & Fire, The Best of Earth Wind & Fire Volume I, Freddie White",, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 23:03. Beatboxing definition, a musical style or technique, especially in hip-hop, in which the sounds and rhythms of percussion instruments or a drum machine are simulated by using the mouth and voice: We heard some amazing beatboxing last night. What does beat expression mean? See more. On the beat definition: A police officer on the beat is on duty , walking around the area for which he or she is... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Music where two beats are combined is in duple meter, music where three beats are combined is in triple meter. Consonance results from the absence of beats, which occurs only when the ratio between the frequencies…. Music where the beat is split in two are in simple meter, music where the beat is split in three are called compound meter. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [9] The downbeat can never be the off-beat because it is the strongest beat in 44 time. According to Grove Music, the "Offbeat is [often] where the downbeat is replaced by a rest or is tied over from the preceding bar". Divisions which require numbers, t… Updates? [19] Beat - Idioms by The Free Dictionary. The second and fourth are weaker—the "off-beats". The unit division of musical time is called a beat. Beats are related to and distinguished from pulse, rhythm (grouping), and meter: Meter is the measurement of the number of pulses between more or less regularly recurring accents. What does beat mean? Also called anacrusis, pickup. [18], Some songs, such as The Beatles' "Please Please Me" and "I Want to Hold Your Hand", The Knack's "Good Girls Don't" and Blondie's cover of The Nerves' "Hanging on the Telephone", employ a double backbeat pattern. Beat, in music, the basic rhythmic unit of a measure, or bar, not to be confused with rhythm as such; nor is the beat necessarily identical with the underlying pulse of a given piece of music, which may extend over more than a single beat. The downbeat is the first beat in a measure. [20] Maddox had used this style as early as 1937. quiver, tremble, tremor. When something is uncool, lame, dumb, ugly, boring. View the pronunciation for beat.

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