They are scored for two manual keyboards and pedal.[21]. 3 No. The organ concertos of Johann Sebastian Bach are solo works for organ, transcribed and reworked from instrumental concertos originally composed by Antonio Vivaldi and the musically talented Prince Johann Ernst of Saxe-Weimar. BWV Anh. "Vivaldi, Antonio -- Violin Concerto No. Although Bach served as Concertmaster in Weimar from 1714–1717, when he is presumed to have composed his own instrumental concertos, the only surviving works in Italian concerto-form from this period are his transcriptions of works by other composers. (German) Extra Information Arrangement of the Concerto for 2 Violins and Cello in D minor, RV 565, by Antonio Vivaldi. 1 No. 3 No. [11], Johann Ernst's enthusiasm for the concerto fitted well with Bach's own interests. 213 is a lost Concerto in F major for solo organ, after an unidentified concerto by Georg Philipp Telemann. This concerto is a transcription of Antonio Vivaldi's Grosso Mogul violin concerto, RV 208. Evidently he was fascinated with it, he wrote various pieces in which there's an explicit mention of the "italian style" in the titles (like the "Italian Concerto for harpsichord", for example; the original name is "Concerto after the Italian taste"). In 1713-1714, Bach transcribed at least nine concertos of Vivaldi, three for solo organ (BWV 593-4, 596), and six for solo harpsichord (BWV 972-3, 975-6, 978, 980). One interesting thing about JSB is that his music sometimes integrates French, German and Italian styles. Bach: Italian Transcriptions TRACKS NOTES PERFORMERS CREDITS CD ITUNES SPOTIFY Concerto in A Minor for Four Harpsichords, BWV 1065 (9:50) transcription of Vivaldi: Concerto in B Minor for Four Violins, Op. 1 No. Telemann also had a documented social connection with Bach: in March 1714 he was godparent at the baptism in Weimar of Bach's second son Carl Phillip Emanuel. Bach himself transcribed solo concertos by Italian composers (Vivaldi, Torelli a.o.) "Le opere giovanili di Antonio Vivaldi", pp. [16], Marshall (1986) has carried out a systematic study of headings and markings in surviving manuscripts to ascertain the intended instrument for Bach's keyboard works. 1, RV 383a): Concerto in G major, BWV 980 (harpsichord), After Vivaldi's Violin Concerto in G minor, RV 316 (later version published as Op. The markings are also significant for what they show about performance practise at that time: during the course of a single piece, hands could switch manuals and organ stops could be changed.[22][23][24]. Williams: Transcription for 2 pianos: Pedal-Exercitium, BWV 598: The remaining organ transcriptions come from copies made in Leipzig by Bach's family and circle: these include his eldest son Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, whose organ repertoire included the transcriptions; his pupil Johann Friedrich Agricola; and Johann Peter Kellner. Peters in the 1850s and by the Bach Gesellschaft in the 1890s played a decisive role in the Vivaldi revival of the twentieth century. This manuscript, shelf mark P 280 in the Berlin State Library, starts with the harpsichord transcriptions BWV 972–981, followed by the organ transcription BWV 592, and ends with BWV 982. Other models for the transcriptions included concertos by Alessandro Marcello, Benedetto Marcello, Georg Philipp Telemann and Prince Johann Ernst of Saxe-Weimar.[1][2][3][4][5]. 12, RV 265, by Antonio Vivaldi. Chandos: CHAN0796. 10 often attributed to, BWV 981 – Concerto in C minor, after Benedetto Marcello's Concerto Op. His other Vivaldi transcriptions were made from manuscript sources of varying integrity.9 Bach would also have known Telemann well then since he was court musician at Eisenach, Bach's birthplace. 8, RV 522. The Nekrolog contains the famous statement about the Duke, Wilhelm Ernst, encouraging Bach as an organist-composer, quoted at the start of this section. 4 by Prince Johann Ernst of Saxe-Weimar. After Violin Concerto in D major Op. After Violin Concerto in D minor, RV 813, by Antonio Vivaldi (formerly RV Anh. Bach was Antonio Vivaldi. 10 (RV 580) to a concerto for four harpsichords and strings (BWV 1065).[34]. 1, containing twelve concerti à cinque, was published in 1708. Benedetto Marcello's Op. [14], Published records of Bach's life include his Nekrolog or obituary, written in 1754 by his son Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach and former pupil Johann Friedrich Agricola, and the 1802 biography of Johann Nikolaus Forkel. 3, RV 310, by Antonio Vivaldi. The concertos Bach transcribed from Vivaldi’s Op. Buy CD or download online. Bach transcribed for organ and harpsichord a number of Italian and Italianate concertos, mainly by Antonio Vivaldi, but with others by Alessandro Marcello, Benedetto Marcello, Georg Philipp Telemann and the musically talented Prince Johann Ernst of Saxe-Weimar. For arrangements, new editions, etc. F. Magle - Contemporary Classical Composer, Organist and Pianist. Such composers can only be "finger composers" (or "keyboard cavaliers" as Bach called them later on in his life): that is, they let their fingers tell them what to write instead of instructing their fingers what to play. Of these, the main body were by Vivaldi, with others by Telemann, Alessandro and Benedetto Marcello and Johann Ernst himself. Bach wrote these keyboard transcriptions, from orchestral concerti by Vivaldi and Marcello, while he was a young man. Bach abandoned that method of composition when he observed that brilliant flourishes lead nowhere. 3 No. Bach, Johann Sebastian : Largo in d minor from Concerto BWV 975 - Organ transcription (after Concerto RV 316 by Antonio Vivaldi) Organ solo / Intermediate / 1 … He had often heard them praised for their artistic excellence and decided upon the happy idea of arranging them all for the clavier. These have customarily been divided into two distinct groups, his works for organ and his works for harpsichord or clavichord. 3 No. 9. 3 No. Their publication by C.F. Vivaldi? The publication of these transcriptions by C.F. I think he's unique in that respect. The meteoric success of Vivaldi in the early eighteenth century was matched by his descent into almost complete oblivion soon after his death in 1741. The result was that up until 1911 the transcription was misattributed to Wilhelm Friedemann. By ComposerOfAvantGarde in forum Classical Music Discussion, By Op.123 in forum Classical Music Discussion, By Aggelos in forum Classical Music Discussion, By jeanmarc in forum Classical Music Discussion, All times are GMT +1. 3 provide the best avenue for this study. Moreover, in adapting ideas and figurations originally conceived for the violin to the keyboard, Bach was compelled to think in musical terms, so that his ideas no longer depended on his fingers, but were drawn from his imagination. In 1709 the virtuoso violinist Johann Georg Pisendel visited Weimar: he had studied with Torelli and is likely to have acquainted Bach with more of the Italian concerto repertoire. Bach, Johann Sebastian (1685-1750) Works. [10], Later in July 1713, Prince Johann Ernst returned from Utrecht after studying there for 2 years. Bach: Transcriptions of Concertos by Vivaldi CHAN 0796. Artist: Sophie Yates Title: Bach: Transcriptions of Concertos by Vivaldi Year Of Release: 2013 Label: Chandos Genre: Classical Quality: FLAC (image + .cue, log, booklet) Total Time: 76:26 min Total Size: 508 MB WebSite: Album Preview Bach's transcriptions of Vivaldi. 6 in A minor: II. 1 No. About Chandos. There 's always something new and different about them. 3 No. for organ solo. In July 1714, however, poor health forced him to leave Weimar to seek medical treatment in Bad Schwalbach: he died a year later at the age of nineteen. During this time, Bach made about twenty keyboard transcriptions of concertos by other composers; five were written expressly for the organ. [19], Although no precise dating of the concerto transcriptions is possible, combining a careful scientific analysis of surviving manuscripts—including their watermarks—with a knowledge of documented events in Bach's life has given a clearer idea of when they might have been written: it is generally thought that most were probably written in the period 1713–1714, but that some could have been written later. In practical terms, the concerto transcriptions were suitable for performance in the different venues in Weimar; they would have served an educational purpose for the young prince as well as giving him pleasure. 13 The works are: Concerto in G major (after Duke J. Ernst), BWV 592a; Concerto No. Asking for permission to stay longer in Weimar, he states that Prince Johann Ernst. Other circumstantial evidence concerning music-making in Weimar is provided by a letter written by Bach's pupil Philipp David Kräuter in April 1713. After Violin Concerto in G major, RV 299, by Antonio Vivaldi. Consequently, the name of the COMPOSER should be Antonio VIVALDI, and JS Bach should be credited as the ARRANGER. He was still developing his own styles while absorbing the influences of the other great schools of European music - in this case, of course, the Italian. 1 No. In the same year Bach also copied out all the parts of the double violin concerto in G major, TWV 52:G2, of Georg Philipp Telemann, a work that he might have acquired through Pisendel. He was thus led to study their structure, the musical ideas on which they are built, the pattern of their modulations, and many other characteristics. 7 No. 1: Concerto in B-flat major, BWV 982, After Johann Ernst's Op. The concerto transcriptions of Johann Sebastian Bach date from his second period at the court in Weimar (1708–1717). 45–78” in, This page was last edited on 23 October 2020, at 12:43. Bach admired Vivaldi, and the "italian style" in general. It is thought that most of the transcriptions were probably made in 1713–1714. In Great Britain, France and particularly his native Italy, musical taste turned against him and, when he was remembered, it was just through salacious anecdote. ... and virtuoso violinist. The precise dating and true authorship was later established from the manuscript: the handwriting and the watermarks in the manuscript paper conform to cantatas known to have been composed by Bach in Weimar in 1714–1715. 1 was published posthumously, some time after Bach had provided solo harpsichord arrangements for two out of six concertos contained in that bundle: Concerto in G major, after Johann Ernst's Violin Concerto in G major [scores]: Concerto in C major after Johann Ernst's Violin Concerto in C major [scores]: There is no extant model for a few of Bach's concerto transcriptions for harpsichord: History, purpose, transmission and significance, Harpsichord transcriptions, BWV 592a and 972–987, harvtxt error: no target: CITEREFSchulze1972 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFSchulenberg2006 (, "Concerto II: del Sig. There is an early version of the transcription, BWV 972a. He realised that musical ideas need to be subordinated to a plan and that a young composer's first need is a model to guide his efforts. After the Violin Concerto in C major by Prince Johann Ernst of Saxe–Weimar (like BWV 595). Later versions of some of these concertos by Vivaldi were published in his Op. 10, RV 580 A keen amateur violinist, he is likely to have brought or sent back concerto scores from Amsterdam, probably including the collection L'estro armonico, Op.3 of Vivaldi, published there in 1711. 4 No. 2 by Benedetto Marcello. [17][18], The reception of the concerto transcriptions is reflected in their transmission: they were less widely disseminated than Bach's original organ or keyoard works and were only published in the 1850s during the mid-nineteenth century Bach revival. For the organ transcriptions there is no known sequence that may go back to Bach's time. Prince Johann Ernst of Saxe-Weimar's Op. After Violin Concerto in B-flat minor, RV 383 by Antonio Vivaldi. The sequence of the concertos in this manuscript is possibly as intended by the composer. The pleasure His Grace took in his playing fired him with the desire to try every possible artistry in his treatment of the organ.— Nekrolog, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach and Johann Friedrich Agricola It has generally been accepted that Bach's transcriptions were simply learning exercises. And I'm sure it's very meaningful -- the three styles involve different, prime facie incompatible, political ideas. Earlier compositions had been brought back to Weimar from Italy by the deputy Capellmeister, Johann Wilhelm Drese, during his stay there in 1702–1703. After the Violin Concerto in G minor, TWV 51:g1, by Georg Philipp Telemann. This concerto movement is a transcription of a composition by Prince Johann Ernst of Saxe-Weimar. 3 No. "Bach introduced numerous small changes into the solo parts, bass-lines, and often the inner parts as well, often adding voices to enrich the textures,: says Peter Watchorn in his recording of the harpsichord transcriptions. When Bach went to work on the “Vivaldi Transcriptions,” he fully respected the original compositions. Most of these transcriptions were based on concertos by Antonio Vivaldi. 3 No. [34], Bach transcribed two concertos of Antonio Vivaldi's Op. 4: Concerto in D minor, BWV 987, BWV 595: organ version (first movement only), Federico Maria Sardelli. Harpsichordist Richard Egarr “Bach didn't just make 'simple' transcriptions, neither in this original solo concerto by Vivaldi. While this could be true for the simpler harpsichord transcriptions, some of the more virtuosic organ transcriptions could date from later, possible composed as a memorial to the prince, after his untimely death. Although in early music the intended instrument was often not specified, but left to the performer, this was often not the case with Bach's music. Sponsored by: Cone Health. 3, L'estro armonico for organ (BWV 593 and 596), and three concertos of that collection for unaccompanied harpsichord (BWV 972, 976 and 978):[35], Later Bach would arrange Vivaldi's Op. 5 in D minor (after A. Vivaldi), BWV 596: Bach-Beard: Transcription for piano Bach-Lefébure: Gigue from Concerto for solo organ No. 9, RV 230, by Antonio Vivaldi. Bach Italian Transcriptions: Concerto for Four Harpsichords (Vivaldi)- Tilge, Höchster, meine Sünden (Pergolesi) 13 years old This concerto is a transcription of Antonio Vivaldi's double violin concerto, Op. 4 No. Vivaldi’s newly published Opus 3, L’estro armonico.1 The chart to the right shows the extant concerto transcriptions made by Bach; there are 23 transcriptions from 21 originals.2 Bach was not alone in mak-ing concerto transcriptions; from Johann Gottfried Walther, his colleague in Wei-mar, we have 14 surviving transcriptions.3 J.S. This concerto is a transcription of a concerto by Prince Johann Ernst of Saxe-Weimar. 10 attributed to Giuseppe Torelli).[26][27]. Johann Sebastian Bach. About Us; Chandos Records is one of the world's premier classical music record companies, best known for its ground breaking search for neglected musical gems. There are, or have been, attribution issues regarding some of the models Bach used for his keyboard transcriptions: Bach transcribed seven concertos by Antonio Vivaldi for solo harpsichord (RV 230, 265, 299, 310, 316, 381 and 813), and three for solo organ (RV 208, 522 and 565). 12 (Violin Concerto in E major, RV 265): Concerto in C major, BWV 976, After Vivaldi's Violin Concerto in B-flat major (later version published as Op. Transcription of a concerto by Vivaldi (RV 230) Extra videos. As well as music-making in the Wilhelmsburg, Bach was almost certainly involved in the parallel more secular musical events in the Rotes Schloss organised by August Ernst and Johann Ernst. These include all the transcriptions of the Venetian concertos (those by Vivaldi and the Marcello brothers). Donald Satz wrote (June 10, 2001): Bach transcribed for the organ many works of other composers such as Vivaldi concertos. Johann Ernst studied the keyboard with Bach's distant cousin Johann Gottfried Walther, after he became organist at the Stadtkirche in Weimar in 1707. These works are the most elaborate of Bach’s transcriptions, and they were based on outstanding originals available to Bach in an authoritative published edition. The publication of Bach's transcriptions has been recognized by Vivaldi scholars as a decisive step in his revival. The autograph manuscript is remarkable for its detailed specifications of organ registration and use of the two manuals. Bach's transcriptions for harpsichord of a number of Italian and other concertos date from his years in Weimar, probably 1713-1714. 1 by Prince Johann Ernst of Saxe-Weimar. Vivaldi's violin concertos, which had just been published, gave him the guidance he needed. 4 and 7: Apart from the concertos after models by Antonio Vivaldi (including one formerly attributed to Torelli), Bach also transcribed concertos by the Venetian brothers Alessandro and Benedetto Marcello. Telemann's concerto for solo violin, TWV 51:g1, transcribed by Bach for harpsichord as BWV 985, comes from the same series of Eisenach concertos as the double violin concerto; moreover, as explained in Zohn (2008), there is evidence that the slow movement of Telemann's oboe concerto TWV 51:G2, also from the series, was borrowed and adapted by Bach for the opening sinfonia of the cantata Ich steh mit einem Fuß im Grabe, BWV 156 and the slow movement of the harpsichord concerto in F minor, BWV 1056, both dating from his period in Leipzig. 3 No. BWV 985 is a Concerto in G minor for unaccompanied harpsichord, after Georg Philipp Telemann's Violin Concerto in G minor, TWV 51:g1 [scores].[36]. Harpsichords were available to Bach at both venues. 1 in D major (after A. Vivaldi), BWV 972; Concerto No. Bach's transcriptions, for solo organ or harpsichord, of concertos by Vivaldi and other masters were made during his period at the Court of Weimar between 1708 and 1717. Bach was considered an incomparable organist whose improvisations were celebrated beyond German borders. 6, RV 316a): Concerto in G minor, BWV 975 (harpsichord), After Vivaldi's Violin Concerto in G major (later version published as Op. A talented amateur musician, from an early age Prince Johann Ernst had been taught the violin by the court violinist Gregor Christoph Eilenstein. - III, "Composition as arrangement and adaptation", "Emulation and Inspiration: J. S. Bach's Transcriptions from Vivaldi's, Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Darmstadt, Violin Concerto in G major (Johann Ernst Prinz von Sachsen-Weimar), Organ Concerto in A minor, BWV 593 (Bach, Johann Sebastian), Concerto for 2 Violins in A minor, RV 522 (Vivaldi, Antonio), Organ Concerto in C major, BWV 594 (Bach, Johann Sebastian), Organ Concerto in C major, BWV 595 (Bach, Johann Sebastian), Violin Concerto in C major (Johann Ernst Prinz von Sachsen-Weimar), Organ Concerto in D minor, BWV 596 (Bach, Johann Sebastian), Concerto in D minor, RV 565 (Vivaldi, Antonio), 16 Konzerte nach verschiedenen Meistern, BWV 972–987 (Bach, Johann Sebastian), Violin Concerto in D major, RV 230 (Vivaldi, Antonio), Violin Concerto in G major, RV 299 (Vivaldi, Antonio), Oboe Concerto in D minor, S.Z799 (Marcello, Alessandro), Violin Concerto in G minor, RV 316a (Vivaldi, Antonio), Violin Concerto in E major, RV 265 (Vivaldi, Antonio), Violin Concerto in G major, RV 310 (Vivaldi, Antonio), Violin Concerto in B-flat major, RV 383a (Vivaldi, Antonio), Violin Concerto, TWV 51:g1 (Telemann, Georg Philipp), 12 Concerti Grossi, Op.1 (Marcello, Benedetto), L'estro armonico, Op.3 (Vivaldi, Antonio), Toccata and Fugue in D minor ("Dorian"), BWV 538, Fantasia and Fugue in G minor ("Great"), BWV 542, Prelude and Fugue in E minor ("Wedge"), BWV 548, Eight Short Preludes and Fugues, BWV 553–560, Toccata, Adagio and Fugue in C major, BWV 564, Prelude (Toccata) and Fugue in E major, BWV 566, Fantasia ("Pièce d'Orgue") in G major, BWV 572, Passacaglia and Fugue in C minor, BWV 582, Canonic Variations on "Vom Himmel hoch da komm' ich her", BWV 769, Capriccio on the departure of a beloved brother, Concerto transcriptions, BWV 592–596 and 972–987, List of compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach, List of fugal works by Johann Sebastian Bach, List of concertos by Johann Sebastian Bach,, Wikipedia articles incorporating the Cite Grove template, Wikipedia articles incorporating the Cite Grove template with a url parameter, Articles with Italian-language sources (it), Articles with German-language sources (de), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

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