Robert Edward Service (1937–) Career Foreign Service Officer State of Residence: California. Trotsky: A Biography is a biography of the Marxist theorist and revolutionary Leon Trotsky written by the English historian Robert Service, then a professor in Russian history at the University of Oxford. Service dismisses as whitewashing suggestions that it was purely an initiative of the Ekaterinburg Bolsheviks. He is a fellow of St Antony s College, Oxford. Overthrowing the conventional image of Stalin as an uneducated political administrator inexplicably transformed into a pathological killer, Robert Service reveals a more complex and fascinating story behind this notorious twentieth-century figure. The bodies were then taken into the forest, burned, and dropped down a mine shaft. Robert Burns, national poet of Scotland, who wrote lyrics and songs in Scots and in English. As it was, his only stipulation was that he would not abdicate in favour of his young son Alexei, the legal heir, because the boy’s haemophilia and delicate health meant that he should not be separated from his family. He is a prolific writer, penning eight books on modern Russian history, including biographies of Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin. See page on St Antony's College website. Married 4 November 1903, Warralong Station, Marble Bar, Pilbara to Amy Gertrude Hancock, daughter of John Frederick Hancock … He is best known for his biographies of Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky. Whether Moscow authorised or ordered the killing in advance, or simply accepted a fait accompli, has been a point of controversy. Robert Gellately has written or edited ten books, and his works have appeared in more than twenty foreign languages. In April 1918, when Tobolsk became unsecure, they were moved to Ekaterinburg in the Urals. A man more given than Nicholas to grievance might have found much to begrudge in his situation after the February revolution. Robert Service joined the College in October 1998, later becoming Professor of Russian History. Robert Service. Evidently not much of a reader before – since Tolstoy’s War and Peace was new to him – Nicholas now made up for lost time and devoured an eclectic range of Russian and foreign literature and historical works, including Dmitri Merezhkovski’s Silver Age novels and even the work of satirist Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, as well as Chekhov and Conan Doyle, whose stories he read aloud to his family in the evenings. he killing of the tsar and his family bothered the American writer Mary McCarthy, even in her quasi-Stalinist phase, when she was impressed against her better judgment by communist apparatchiks. At first he and the family were confined under house arrest to his palace in Tsarskoe Selo outside Petrograd; then, in August, they were moved for their own safety to the relatively quiet and non-radical Tobolsk in western Siberia, where they remained for some months after the Bolshevik takeover (the “October Revolution”) in November. He was also famous for his amours and his rebellion against orthodox religion and morality. He was known for his strong anti-Soviet perspectives. In the second place, Russia’s monarchists, whose presumed plots to rescue the Tsar were a continuing concern for the ruling revolutionaries of February and October, never managed to mount anything like a serious rescue attempt. Nicholas even got on reasonably well with the overseer appointed by the Bolsheviks, Vasily Yakovlev, a revolutionary known for his participation in bank expropriations before the revolution. Robert Service is writing an account of Russian politics since 2012. What struck me most on the basis of Service’s account was the contrast between the tsar’s strong sense of sense of duty while he was in the job, and the ease with which he resigned it and his subsequent lack of regret. Whenever she got a bit drunk, she wrote in “My Confession” in 1953, she would bring up the killing of the tsar’s children and look hopefully, but in vain, for “a trace of scruple or compassion”. Photograph: Mondadori via Getty Images. In the first place, his and Alexandra’s royal relatives in the British and German monarchies proved strikingly indifferent to their fate, despite occasionally making noises of concern. He told a conference in Stavropol last year that “the elimination and shooting of the tsar’s family, including the children”, was a (or perhaps “the” – Russian is ambiguous on this) “most outrageous example” of the repressions that characterised Soviet rule from the very beginning. Born in Lancashire, England to a bank cashier and an heiress, poet Robert William Service moved to Scotland at the age of five, living with his grandfather and three aunts until his parents moved to Glasgow four years later and the family reunited. Perhaps, as Alexandra always thought, it would have been a different matter if she had been around to strengthen his backbone. Alexandra did not share his new taste for literature, preferring a diet of ultra-conservative devotional works. So there is a lot more to say about Churchill. • The Last of the Tsars is published by Macmillan. A Russian court sentenced a distinguished historian known for re-enacting Napoleonic battle scenes to 12.5 years in jail on Friday after convicting him of the murder of his young student lover, whom he dismembered. [HNN Editor: The post of Chief Historian at the NPS has been vacant since June 2005, when Dwight T. Pitcaithley retired.] Share. But why did they kill Dr Botkin? Alexandra, on the other hand, treated all their overseers and guardians with resentful hauteur and was widely disliked by them. Professor Service's research interests cover Russian history from the late nineteenth century to the present day. Copy link. During the first world war, he spent a lot of time out at army headquarters in Mogilev, hoping to encourage the war effort by his presence. Last modified on Thu 22 Feb 2018 14.18 GMT. This page provides an introduction to gender roles in this period; a discussion of how they affected crime, justice, and punishment; and advice on how to analyse the Proceedingsfor informat… Profession: writer, historian, university teacher, Show Famous Birthdays Today, United Kingdom, Famous People's Birthdays on 29 October, United Kingdom, Famous People's Birthdays in October, United Kingdom, Famous writer's Birthdays on 29 October, United Kingdom, Famous writer's Birthdays in October, United Kingdom, Famous historian's Birthdays on 29 October, United Kingdom, Famous historian's Birthdays in October, United Kingdom, Famous university teacher's Birthdays on 29 October, United Kingdom, Famous university teacher's Birthdays in October, United Kingdom. The original intention of the Bolshevik leaders in Moscow had been to hold a show trial of Nicholas in that city, but the idea had to be abandoned as it became clear that Ekaterinburg was likely to be occupied by anti-Bolshevik forces. Birth. To order a copy for £20.99 (RRP £25) go to bookshop.theguardian.com or call 0330 333 6846. 9780330517294. Hitler Youth and Urdd comparison 'mindless' says historian. Musing on what might have happened had Alexei assumed the throne, Nicholas suggested that he might well have accepted limitations to autocracy, since he would have been free of the constraints of Nicholas’s own coronation oath to “guard intact the form of government that I received from my father and to hand it on as such to my successor”. Nicholas, a man of ascetic tastes who liked outdoor work and was comfortable in old clothes when not in uniform, proved remarkably polite, reasonable, friendly and amenable as a quasi-prisoner. Why the shame? Having converted to the Marxist revolutionary movement in early life, Trotsky had been a member of the Bolshevik Party and a … On 17 July 1918, the former tsar and his whole family, plus retainers and the family doctor, were shot in the cellar of the Ipatiev house in Ekaterinburg, where they had been held under house arrest. Orme', , 1830. The above quote summarizes the extent to which the appraisal process is disliked by the evaluators. Robert John Service (born 29 October 1947) is a British historian, academic, and author who has written extensively on the history of the Soviet Union, particularly the era from the October Revolution to Stalin's death. Discovery in the Urals of what were alleged to be Romanov remains and disputes about their authenticity caused great excitement in early post-Soviet Russia; in 2000, the Moscow patriarch declared the whole family to be “passion bearers” (a lower category of suffering than that of martyrs, earlier bestowed by the Russian Church in emigration). Why the shame? Long-held views about the particular strengths, weaknesses, and appropriate responsibilities of each sex shaped everyday lives, patterns of crime, and responses to crime. Robert Orme British historian who entered service of East India Company in 1743, appointed to Council at Fort St. George 1754-1758, he was instrumental in sending Robert Clive on a... Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images By Alun Jones BBC Wales Political Unit. It was a trivial issue, according to Trotsky at his most studiedly callous, responding to the inquiries of a German diplomat: “This is of completely no interest to me. I discovered the verbatim reports of the War Cabinet meetings over which he presided, which had never been used by any historian before, and I have worked on Churchill’s children’s papers by kind permission of his family, some of which are closed to other researchers. He is perhaps best known for writing most of the modern version of the song ‘Auld Lang Syne.’ Many others have shared McCarthy’s reaction, but not Robert Service, whose unsentimental account of the last 16 months of Nicholas’s life seems to have been motivated largely by a desire to dispel the myths that have gathered around the killings, and to get the facts of the matter established once and for all. Most of the book, especially the earlier part, is focused on the USSR, but there is decent insight into Yugoslavia, Cuba, and China. For what £10, online orders only Alexandra remained one in its international framework individual Russian citizen. ” have much! 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