[25] ISIL recaptured the city on 11 December,[26] but the Syrian Army retook it on 2 March 2017. ISIS supporters on Tuesday posted photos that show the destruction of the Baalshamin temple in Palmyra, Syria. The Temple of Bel (Arabic: معبد بل‎), sometimes also referred to as the "Temple of Baal", was an ancient temple located in Palmyra, Syria. ISIL blows up part of main temple in Syria’s Palmyra. [1][2] The temple would have been closed during the persecution of pagans in the late Roman Empire in a campaign against the temples of the East made by Maternus Cynegius, Praetorian Prefect of Oriens, between 25 May 385 to 19 March 388. 26 Jul 2019 - Explore turmoeed's board "PALMYRA", which is followed by 936 people on Pinterest. [6], Parts of the temple were damaged to some extent by bombings in 2013, during the Syrian Civil War. persecution of pagans in the late Roman Empire, United Nations Institute for Training and Research, Hellenic Religion and Christianization c. 370-529, "Palmyra's Temple of Bel destroyed, says UN", "How ISIS' demolition of a Syrian temple impacts the world", "Syrian archaeologist 'killed in Palmyra' by IS militants", "Islamic State destroys part of Syria's Temple of Bel – monitors", "СМИ: боевики ИГ подорвали Храм Бэла на территории сирийской Пальмиры", "Syria's Palmyra Temple of Bel 'severely damaged' by IS", "IS Partially Destroys Temple Of Bel – Reports", "Activists: ISIL damages ancient temple in Syria's Palmyra", "Palmyra Temple Was Destroyed by ISIS, U.N. Your Palmyra Temple stock images are ready. Located in the northwestern periphery of the ancient city of Palmyra (تدمر), at the end of the main colonnaded street, is a remarkable funerary temple (المعبد الجنائزي). Syria's head of antiquities was quoted as saying the temple was blown up on Sunday. Oct 28, 2015 - Explore reibai's photos on Flickr. The temple's earliest phase dates to the late 2nd century BC; its altar was built in 115 AD, and the temple was substantially rebuilt in 131 AD. Palmyra is an ancient Semitic town, Syria Palmyra, an oasis in the Syrian Desert, north-east of Damascus, is home to the monumental ruins of a great city that was one of the ancient world’s most important cultural centers. [11][12] Most of the Corinthian columns of the inner colonnades still showed pedestals where the statues of the benefactors stood. Palmyra as a Sacred Place Palmyra is also considered a sacred place with its numerous temples such as the Temple of Baalshamin, the Temple of Nabu and the Temple of Bel. [23] It was later decided that instead of the temple's main entrance, the replica would be of part of the Monumental Arch. Download deze Temple Of Bel Baal In Palmyra Syria foto nu. Palmyra is an ancient archaeological site located in modern-day Syria. The temple was originally a part of an extensive precinct of three courtyards and represented a fusion of ancient Syrian and Roman architectural styles. Syria's antiquities chief Maamoun Abdulkarim later stated that although there was an explosion within the temple's perimeter, "the basic structure is still standing". Syria's Director of Antiquities Maamoun Abdul Karim stated that ISIL was looking for treasures and "stores of gold" in the city. [1] It was based on a paved court surrounded by a massive 205-metre (673 ft) long wall with a propylaeum. ", "How England's Institute Of Digital Archeology Will Preserve The Art Isis Wants to Destroy", "Syrian regime forces retake 'all of Palmyra' from Isis", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Temple_of_Baalshamin&oldid=967753091, 2nd-century religious buildings and structures, Buildings and structures demolished in 2015, Buildings and structures destroyed by ISIL, Conversion of non-Christian religious buildings and structures into churches, Former religious buildings and structures in Syria, Buildings and structures completed in the 2nd century, Persecution of pagans in the late Roman Empire, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 July 2020, at 02:54. The cella was entirely surrounded by a prostyle of Corinthian columns, only interrupted on the long side by an entrance gate with large steps leading from the court. The temples were dedicated to multiple deities, and as Nasser Rabbat explained, “Inside you have to turn either right or left because the temple had two altars.” In 129, Hadrian visited the city and was so enthralled by it that he proclaimed it a … The temple, consecrated to the Mesopotamian god Bel, worshipped at Palmyra in triad with the lunar god Aglibol and the sun god Yarhibol, formed the center of religious life in Palmyra and was dedicated in AD 32. Summary: Remains of the Temple of Diocletian in Palmyra, Syria. The temple’s cult is dedicated to Baalshamin or Ba’al Šamem, a northwest Semitic divinity. The structure dated back to 32AD. The Temple of Bel was converted into a Christian church during the Byzantine Era. En zoek meer in iStock’s bibliotheek van royalty-free stockbeelden met 2015 foto’s die beschikbaar zijn voor snel en eenvoudig downloaden. The temple would have been closed during the persecution of pagans in the late Roman Empire in a campaign against the temples of the East made by Maternus Cynegius, Praetorian Prefectof Oriens, between 25 May 385 to 19 March 388. [15][16] The bricks and columns were reported as lying on the ground and only one wall was reported as remaining, according to a Palmyra resident. [6] The inscription was dedicated by the Senate of Palmyra to honor Male Agrippa for building the temple, which was dedicated to Baalshamin, the Semitic god of the heavens, to commemorate the Roman Emperor Hadrian's visit to Palmyra around 129 AD. Archaeological finds date back to the Neolithic period and the city was first documented in the early second millennium BC. The famous queen of Palmyra was Zenobia. Palmyra, Temple of Bel, from north-west Palmyra is an ancient Semitic city in present-day Homs Governorate, Syria. [20] However, these reports were proved to be incorrect. The temple's earliest phase dates to the late 2nd century BC;[1] its altar was built in 115 AD,[2] and the temple was substantially rebuilt in 131 AD. [7] The translated inscription is: The Senate and the people have made this statue to Male Agrippa, son of Yarhai, son of Lishamsh Raai, who, being secretary for a second time when the divine Hadrian came here, gave oil to the citizens, and to the troops and the strangers that came with him, taking care of their encampment. The mosque in the temple proper and the dwellings remained in use until the 1920s when Franco-Syrian archaeological missions cleared the temple grounds of its postclassical elements. A dark cloud loomed over the sky of Palmyra, as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) occupied the city in May 2015.The Jihadist group wreaked havoc on the city’s historic treasures and destroyed several invaluable statues at Palmyra, including the Lion of Al-lāt, which decorated the entrance of a temple of the same name that had been built in the first century AD. [1][2] In three corners of the building stairwells could be found that led up to rooftop terraces.[1]. Site: Palmyra Cultural Landscape (the ancient Tadmur and the current oasis) Keywords: Syria, Cultural Landscape, Palmyra, Tadmur, Oasis, Sabkhat Muh, Temple of Ba'al, Diocletian's Camp, ancient agora, roman theatre, funerary sculpture. Driving through the … In the court there were the remains of a basin, an altar, a dining hall, and a building with niches. [16], After the temple's destruction, the Institute for Digital Archaeology announced plans to establish a digital record of historical sites and artifacts threatened by IS advance. [4], In 1864, French photographer and naval officer Louis Vignes was the first to photograph the temple following his expedition to the Dead Sea under the sponsorship of the Duc du Luynes.[5]. [17][18] The damage was also attested by the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.[19]. The temple was built on a tell with stratification indicating human occupation that goes back to the third millennium BC. A picture showing the Temple of Bel before it was destroyed by Isis in September 2015 in the ancient Syrian city of Palmyra. Palmyra is an ancient Semitic town, Syria Palmyra, an oasis in the Syrian Desert, north-east of Damascus, is home to the monumental ruins of a great city that was one of … Palmyra changed hands between the different empires that ruled the area, becoming a subject of the Roman Empire in the first century AD. An inscription written in Greek and Palmyrene, on the column bracket that supported the bust of the temple's benefactor, the Palmyrene official Male Agrippa, attested the temple was built in 131 AD. A UN … [27], In July 2017, the French company "Art Graphique et Patrimoine" travelled to Palmyra and scanned the Temple's rubble in order to create a plan for its restoration.[28]. By Institut Français du Proche-Orient (Ifpo) Abstract. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. The Temple of Baalshamin, Palmyra, Syria 02AM3152.jpg 4,451 × 2,505; 10.62 MB De tempel van Baal-Shamin met op de achtergrond de citadel Fakhr-al-Din al-Maani - Stichting Nationaal Museum van Wereldculturen - TM-20036645.jpg 1,200 × 1,200; 1.07 MB The side walls were decorated with pilasters. OFFICIAL CLASSIFICATIONS AND CATEGORIES 1.1 National and International Classification Lists. The Temple of Bel (Arabic: معبد بل‎), sometimes also referred to as the "Temple of Baal", was an ancient temple located in Palmyra, Syria. [13] The cella was lit by two pairs of windows cut high in the two long walls. The area was occupied in pre-Roman periods with a former temple that is usually referred to as "the first temple of Bel" and "the Hellenistic temple". It was particularly favored by Hadrian during his tour of the eastern provinces in AD 129, being declared by him a free city and renamed Palmyra Hadriana. [24], Following the recapture of Palmyra by the Syrian Army in March 2016, director of antiquities Maamoun Abdelkarim stated that the Temple of Bel, along with the Temple of Baalshamin and the Monumental Arch, will be rebuilt using the surviving remains. Palmyra, also called Tadmur, Tadmor, or Tudmur, ancient city in south-central Syria, 130 miles (210 km) northeast of Damascus. [13] UNESCO described the willful destruction of the temple as a "war crime". Home > Explore Syria > Palmyra. Palmyra reached its maximum splendor during the rule of a woman who, according to her importance and political influence, can be compared to Cleopatra, the queen of Egypt. *Was fortunate enough to travel to Syria and see the country in 2008, three years before the war broke out. The names of three Greeks who worked on the construction of the temple of Bel are known through inscriptions, including a probably Greek architect named Alexandras (Greek: Αλεξάνδρας).

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