With a population of fewer than nine thousand people, Montpelier, Vermont is the smallest state capital in the U.S. Montpelier, Vermont is the only U.S. state capital without a McDonalds. Vermont History Vermont had its beginnings in a land controversy. In order to distribute the bonuses without new taxes, the state legislature in September 1941 pointed to President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s recent order to the U.S. Navy to shoot first if it encountered German warships entering American waters to declare that a state of “armed conflict” between the United States and Germany already existed. It may seem a strange choice for a people seeking a distinct identity from their neighbors, but leaders of the newly independent republic initially called it “New Connecticut” in honor of the state where Allen and other leaders of the Green Mountain Boys were born. Snowfall in Vermont usually averages between 70 and 80 inches (1,800 and 2,000 mm) in the valleys and up to 110 inches (2,800 mm) in the mountains. Every ten years, the United States counts the number of people in each town, in each state. Essex County (6,163) is the least populated county in Vermont. Two-thirds of Vermont’s covered bridges were destroyed in a flood. In turn, many creative personalities have sought the spiritual refuge offered by the state. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. In many ways Vermont is a vigorous survivor of an earlier, simpler time in the United States. Join VHS for virtual Vermont History trivia! Omissions? The dispute over which American colony controlled Vermont rose to the highest levels of the British Empire, and in 1764 King George III decided in New York’s favor. Vermont experienced rising abolitionist sentiment and subsequently fought on the Union side of the American Civil War. 1777 - Vermont declares itself an independent republic. From the Canadian to the Massachusetts border, the Connecticut River separates Vermont from New Hampshire. Green Mountains, near East Bethel, Vermont. Lake Champlain’s waters empty northward into Canada’s Richelieu River and flow 80 miles (130 km) into the St. Lawrence. Revolutionary soldier to shed British blood at the Battle of Lexington, April 19, 1775 was Solomon Brown from New Haven, Vermont, who thus fired the first effective shot in the Revolutionary War. This map by Lewis Robinson shows Vermont's county boundaries in 1850. Vermont, Timeline of State History __ "Scan a chronological timeline of important events and dates in Vermont history including the formation of Lake Champlain and the Champlain valley to present day Vermont." Paleo-Indians began to move into northern New England about 9000 bce, at the end of the last ice age.Vermont sites from the late Archaic culture period (c. 4000 bce) reveal highly specialized slate tools and evidence of wide-ranging exchange networks, including copper tools from the upper Great Lakes and shells from the Gulf of Mexico. Vermont is a unique and quirky place, and since the truth is often stranger than fiction, these unbelievable facts will come in handy next time you want to impress your friends and family with VT trivia. This count is called the census. Vermont was previously an independent country. There is a growing moose population and (since 1993) an annual moose-hunting season. Cross-country skier near (background) Mount Mansfield, Vermont. They provide Vermont with a north-south backbone that ranges from approximately 20 to 35 miles (30 to 55 km) in width. Click on a county and then find a town to see how Vermont's population has changed over the years.Or switch to a list of counties or list of towns.. In 1535, French explorer Jacques Cartier was the first European to site Vermont. Explore Vermont’s state historic sites, museums and historic downtowns and immerse yourself in the stories of Vermont. 4. Many people left their birthplaces in Vermont to pursue opportunities in the opening West or in urban centres of the Northeast. Two-thirds of Vermont’s covered bridges were destroyed in a flood. Vermont adopted the first constitution in North America to ban adult slavery. 10. Vermont’s capitol city, Montpelier, is the smallest state capital in the U.S. , with a population of less than 9,000 people. That ranges from approximately 20 to 35 miles ( 24,906 square km in. Vermont adopted the first European settlement in the state Abenaki tribe and to killing Iroquois! 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